A weekly column syndicated in 70 East Texas newspapers
Bob Bowman &
Archie P. McDonald, PhD
in East Texas by Bob Bowman 9-15-08
In the late 1940s, during World War II, the U.S.. government established
seven camps in East Texas to house German prisoners-of-war captured
by Allied forces in Europe. Through the efforts of the Texas Historical
Commission and the Pineywoods Foundation of Lufkin, historical
markers are being placed at the sites of each camp at Lufkin,
Alto, Center, Tyler, Chireno, Tyler and San Augustine.
East Texas Historical Association by Archie P. McDonald 8-11-08
The tag at the end of each "All Things Historical" article, whether
written by my colleague Bob Bowman or this correspondent, says
that is it a service of "the East Texas Historical Association."
Likely many readers do not know much about this organization,
so for your information....
Expedition by Archie P. McDonald 7-14-08
Nationalist activities abounded in Spain's Northern Provinces
(Texas) during the first two decades of the nineteenth century.
The Gutiérrez-Magee Expedition was one of the most spectacular
of these adventures.
All Over by Archie P. McDonald 6-30-08
Residency has led me to write much about Nacogdoches, Texas, where
I have taught history at SFA since Steve himself was a student.
But I like other East Texas towns, too, both because of their
history and some of the historians who live there. Here are a
few of them...
by Archie P. McDonald 6-20-08
On June 19, 1865, Union General Gordon Granger brought
the full force of the United States military establishment to
Galveston and proclaimed the Civil War at an end and all wartime
proclamations by President Abraham Lincoln in effect in the Lone
Star State. Part of that dealt with the end of slavery in Texas...
tribe linked with Texas history by Bob Bowman 6-1-08
Thousands of people drive through East Texas each year without
the knowledge that an Indian reservation--one that played a role
in the independence of Texas--exists within the pine forests...
by Archie P. McDonald 6-9-08
Sixty-four years ago in June the forces of Allied Supreme Commander
Dwight David Eisenhower hit the beaches of Normandy in northwestern
Day by Archie P. McDonald 5-12-08
When Americans pause at the ceremonial beginning of summer to
honor those who gave their lives in military service they are
participating in our national version of ancient rites.
Ellis Bean by Archie P. McDonald 4-28-08
The American frontier produced many colorful characters, including
Peter Ellis Bean...
Jacinto Day by Archie P. McDonald 4-14-08
News of the fall of the Alamo on March 6, 1836, and the execution
of Texians captured at Goliad three weeks later, produced the
terrible Runaway Scrape, a mad flight of refugees who scrambled
eastward to escape a similar fate at the hand of General Antonio
Lopez de Santa Anna’s armies. In the midst of these troubles,
one man, Sam Houston, rode west...
Army by Archie P. McDonald 3-17-08
"...Jacob Sechler Coxey of Massillon, Ohio, wanted the government
to issue $500 million in paper currency and spend it on public
works—roads, municipal buildings, etc. Such an infusion of "new"
money would put the out-of-work on a payroll and simultaneously
demonstrate the utility of a monetary system not exclusively golden...."
Independence Day by Archie P. McDonald 3-3-08
Texas Independence Day is special to the citizens of our state
because Texas has been a full-fledged, independently functioning
country before becoming a part of the federal union...
Hot Summers by Archie P. McDonald 10-15-07
Veterans of the "long hot summers" of the summers of the 1960s,
a time of racial tension, would have thought it "de ja vu
all over again" if they had remembered 1919...
Devil’s Triangle by Bob Bowman 9-17-07
In Texas, as in the rest of the Confederacy, the Reconstruction
Era between 1865 and 1877 saw little more than a continuation
of the Civil War in a new guise. The Union won the first phase
of the war that pitted professional armies against each other
between 1861 and 1865, but the South won the second phase that
developed into guerrilla warfare.
Days by Archie P. McDonald 4-9-07
Civil War enthusiasts, especially rare book collectors, know that
William Williston Heartsill's Fourteen Hundred And Ninety-One
Days In The Confederate Army is among the rarest and most valuable
reminiscences of the era. This is true because of Heartsill's
accuracy and insight and also because of the way the book was
Chicken War by Archie P. McDonald 3-26-07
Since raising and processing and marketing chickens has become
a major economic enterprise in East Texas since World War II,
it is appropriate to remember the "Chicken War" of 1719...
Christian Temperance Union by Archie P. McDonald 11-6-06
The Woman’s Christian Temperance Union was misnamed: “temperance”
means “moderation...avoiding extremes.” What the WCTU really wanted
was total abstinence from all alcohol beverages. They wanted everyone
connected with brewing, distilling, fermenting, and selling alcohol
out of business and right now...
Worst Feud by Bob Bowman 10-15-06
The deadliest feud happened in East Texas between 1840
and 1844. The Regulator and Moderators War was the first and largest
American feud in numbers of participants and fatalities.
War Protest by Bob Bowman 9-4-06
At the peak of another war ninety years ago, a small East Texas
sawmill town made a statement about American soldiers being killed
in a distant land.
Primaries by Archie P. McDonald 7-17-06
Cynics like to speak of "dirty politics" and "the smoke-filled
room" atmosphere of party big shots making decisions on candidates
clandestinely. That pretty well sums up the way political candidates
were determined in East Texas and elsewhere in the state prior
to 1905, when Alexander Watkins Terrell succeeded in getting the
Terrell Election Law through the Texas legislature.
8-F Crowd by Bob Bowman 6-26-06
Lamar Hotel, Houston
"... Often referred to as the "unofficial capital of Texas,"
Suite 8-F (two rooms and a kitchenette leased to George Brown
of Brown & Root Construction Company) was the meeting place for
Houston's business leaders from the late 1930s to the 1960s...."
War by Archie P. McDonald 4-10-06
"In Fort Bend County, a silhouette of the jaybird
symbolized the Redeemer portion of the Democratic Party and the
woodpecker represented those who had flourished during Radical
Republican reconstruction, who also had begun to call themselves
Democrats by the 1880s."
Time Judge by Archie P. McDonald 1-29-06
Thomas Whitfield Davidson
Cemetery by Bob Bowman 1-24-06
The Battle of Sabine Pass
Cuney by Archie P. McDonald 10-10-05
"By the end of the nineteenth century, Norris Wright
Cuney had become the most remarkable African American leader in
Texas. Cuney technically began life as a slave on a plantation..."
Daniel by Archie P. McDonald 8-22-05
Tigers by Archie P. McDonald 8-7-05
straight to hell.” by Bob Bowman 8-1-05
Sam B. Hall, Jr., the son of an East Texas lawyer and judge
who rose to a leadership role in Congress and finished his career
as a federal judge, was one of East Texas’ most interesting contemporary
Adaes by Archie P. McDonald 7-24-05
The capital of Texas, and the headquarters of all Spanish activity
in East Texas was once in... Louisiana!
Three Hundred by Archie P. McDonald 7-5-05
Executives by Archie P. McDonald 6-20-05
East Texas has produced its share of prominent personages in entertainment,
business, medicine, and other professions but prominent political
figures have tended to call other sections of the state their
home, especially in the last half century. It started out differently.
by Archie P. McDonald 6-6-05
"Most East Texans who have lived here more than at least
a month of Sundays know that African Americans claim June 19,
or Juneteenth, as their own special day to celebrate freedom.
... But do you know why June 19 is such a special day?"
the Biscuits, Pappy by Bob Bowman 6-1-05
His Texas homilies, radio broadcasts, hillbilly music and
affinity for rural Texas propelled him into the governor’s office
for two terms.
Tidelands by Archie P. McDonald 5-26-05
Ownership of the “tidelands,” or territory between the shoreline
and “three leagues Gulf ward” in Texas, or approximately 10.35
miles, became the most contested state-federal issue of the twentieth
century. In the balance was 2,440,650 submerged acres.
Neches River by Bob Bowman 5-15-05
Through History by Bob Bowman 4-17-05
The search system -- which has brought unbridled joy to genealogists
and historians -- is believed to be the most comprehensive county
archive system in Texas.
Miller: Hero by Archie P. McDonald 4-10-05
African American hero of WWII
Soldier's Story by Bob Bowman 3-27-05
A classic story of a simple soldier involved in the momentous
events that gave birth to Texas
Bayou Resolutions by Archie P. McDonald 3-22-05
"Turtle Bayou originates just west of Raywood in Liberty
County and flows, eighteen miles away, into Lake Anahuac. Angry
Texans camped near that bayou in June 1832, trying to figure out
how to gain the release of William Barret Travis and Patrick Jack,
who had been arrested in Anahuac by Mexican post commander Juan
Unique Landmark by Bob Bowman 2-1-05
A granite shaft set into the ground on April 23, 1841,
marks the only international boundary existing within the continental
and East Texas Politics by Archie P. McDonald 1-5-05
Lyndon B. Johnson’s victory over Coke Stevenson for a Senate
seat by only 87 votes earned this future president the nickname
of "Landslide Lyndon." Everyone agrees that Johnson’s aides "stole"
that election by "finding" additional votes for their candidate
in Box 13 in Jim Wells County. What everyone might not know is
that Johnson had been burned by a similar tactic in a special
Senate race in 1941, and had vowed never to be caught short again.
in East Texas by Bob Bowman 1-1-05
POW camps in East Texas
Rayburn's Home by Bob Bowman 12/13/04
Jester by Archie P. McDonald 11/22/04
Governor of Texas
Thomas by Archie P. McDonald 11/9/04
Albert Thomas, who represented the Eighth Congressional District
— essentially, Harris County and Houston — in Congress for fifteen
terms until his death on February 15, 1966
House That House Built by Archie P. McDonald 10/21/04
Edward Mandell House of Galveston and Houston rose about
as high as one can go in Texas or United States politics, yet
he never held an elective or appointive office. Instead of wanting
to be "king," House was content to be the "king maker."
by Chance - Edward Clark by Archie P. McDonald 10/6/04
Nunez Cabeza de Vaca by Archie P. McDonald 9/23/04
Among the first Europeans who actually spent time in Texas
Reunion by Archie P. McDonald 8/23/04
"La Reunion was a democratic socialist experiment in the
most unlikely place in the world ..."
Anna's Teapot by Bob Bowman 7/19/04
of Chief Bowles by Bob Bowman 7/7/04
"The battle of the Neches, fought on July 15 and 16, 1839,
was the principal engagement of the Cherokee War, an event discolored
by shame akin to the Trail of Tears, the forced march of the Cherokees
from their homeland in the Southeast to Oklahoma in 1838 and 1839."
Wright Cuney by Archie P. McDonald 7/1/04
A powerful figure in Texas' Republican circles, especially in
Anniversary of D-Day by Archie P. McDonald 6/8/04
of San Jacinto by Archie P. McDonald 4/20/04
The Battle of San Jacinto, which began with a skirmish on April
20, 1836, and ended with a full, if brief, battle the next day,
determined the fate of an independent Texas.
Adams-Onis-Treaty by Archie P. McDonald 4/11/04
We have regarded the Sabine River as the boundary between Louisiana
and Texas, at least most of it, all our lives, but this was not
so until 1819...
Ground Agreement by Archie P. McDonald 3/9/04
When Napoleon Bonaparte sold the Louisiana Purchase to the United
States in 1803 ... none of the nations involved ever had agreed
that the Sabine River was the boundary...
Gilmer-Aikin Law by Archie P. McDonald, PhD 1/20/04
The landmark law passed by the Texas legislature that brought
the state's educational system at least and at last into the twentieth
Pioneer by Bob Bowman 12/03
In 1921 she became the only black pilot in the world. A year later
she became the first black woman to fly over American soil.
of History Bob Bowman 9/03
Ginger Rogers, La Salle, Custer and his men...
Boundaries of Texas by Archie P. McDonald 8/03
"I expect most Texans have the outline of the shape of Texas
securely nitched in some cranial crevice. But how did Texas come
to be bordered as it is?"
Treaty of Velasco by Archie P. McDonald 8/03
Santa Anna agreed .. that the Rio Grande would be the boundary
between Mexico and Texas. ... That meant that all of what we recognize
as Texas today, plus half of New Mexico, ... half of Colorado
and some of Wyoming, were all in Texas!
Stories by Bob Bowman 7/03
A project in East Texas is gearing up to preserve veterans' memories,
as well as their letters, diaries, photographs, maps and home
Nolan by Archie P. McDonald 7/03
We can credit him and men like him with "making news" in the Untied
States that quickened the interest of other Americans about building
futures in Texas.
Texas and The Louisiana Purchase by Archie P. McDonald 5/03
Our eastern neighbors will spend much of 2003 celebrating
the centennial of the Louisiana Purchase, a fantastic real estate
deal concluded by President Thomas Jefferson in 1803. Few may
remember its impact on East Texas.
of 1832 (Anahuac and Nacogdoches) by Archie P. McDonald 4/03
Disturbance in Anahuac, and the Battle of Nacogdoches. The ending
of Mexican military presence in East Texas.
Last Hero by Bob Bowman 4/03
The last surviving veteran of the Battle of San Jacinto on April
21, 1836, lies in an almost forgotten cemetery in deep East Texas,
his tombstone chipped and broken. It's an ignoble resting place
for a proud old soldier, John G. Pickering.
War II Home Front by Archie P. McDonald 12/02
Parker by Bob Bowman 12/02
Magee-Gutierrez Expedition by Archie P. McDonald 12/02
by Archie P. McDonald 10/02
by Archie P. McDonald 9/02
Women's Army Corps
First Texas Capital by Bob Bowman 9/02
of Texas by Archie P. McDonald 9/02
Integration by Bob Bowman 8/02
in East Texas by Bob Bowman 8/8/02
First Governor of Texas by Archie P. McDonald 6/16/02
Old Roman, John H. Reagan by Archie P. McDonald 5/15/02
in the Pineywoods by Archie P. McDonald 5/4/02
Gil Y'Barbo: Latter-Day Moses by Archie P. McDonald 4/18/02
Last Wish Answered by Bob Bowman 4/13/02
Capitals by Archie P. McDonald 4/11/02
Runaway Scrape by Archie P. McDonald 3/9/02
of the Republic of Texas by Archie P. McDonald 2/23/02
LaSalle Murder Case by Archie P. McDonald 2/18/02
in Colonial East Texas by Archie P. McDonald 1/6/02
Environmentalism Began by Bob Bowman 12/16/01
Wrong Grave by Bob Bowman, 11/4/01
Ford, Union Prisoners of War Camp in East Texas by Archie
P. McDonald, 10/14/01
Bones by Bob Bowman, 8/26/01
Tejas by Bob Bowman, 8/12/01
Texas by Archie P. McDonald, 8/5/01
Bell Maxey by Archie P. McDonald, 7/22/01
of Sabine Pass by Archie P. McDonald, 5/27/01
Old Stone Fort by Archie P. McDonald, 5/13/01
Why They Named It That? by Archie P. McDonald, 4/29/01
Yarborough, Liberal Where Liberal Isn't Cool by Archie P.
Birth Place of a President by Archie P. McDonald, 3/18/01
Senora de los Dolores de los Ais Mission by Archie P. McDonald,
Marksman by Bob Bowman, 2/25/01
"If an East Texas volunteer's rifle shot had hit its mark,
the Alamo battle might have taken a different turn. ....."
Regulator-Moderator War by Archie P. McDonald, 1/7/01
Alamo's Red River Connection by Bob Bowman, 12/17/00
Burnout and Other Big Thicket Adventures by Archie P. McDonald,
of the Neches by Archie P. McDonald, 11/12/00
Suppers by Bob Bowman, 10/29/00
Fannin by Archie P. McDonald, 9/10/00
Texas, Capital of Missouri by Archie P. McDonald, 8/13/00
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