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GARRISON, TEXAS

Nacogdoches County, East Texas

3149'30"N 9429'29"W (31.824899, -94.491299)

U.S.Highway 59
18 Miles N of Nacogdoches the county seat
34 Miles S of Carthage
ZIP code 75946
Area code 936
Population: 789 (2020)
895 (2010) 844 (2000) 883 (1990)

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Garrison TX - main street business and  water tower
Garrison, Texas
Photo courtesy Gerald Massey, December 2012

History in a Pecan Shell

The town is named after Captain. J. H. (Jim) Garrison who bought land near here in the mid 1880s and sold a portion of it to the expanding Houston, East and West Texas Railroad when they were looking for a right-of-way to the Louisiana State Line.

The sale was made in 1884 with eleven acres 125 going for the right-of-way, a depot and lots to be sold for businesses and residfences. The depot was designated Garrison and this soon applied to the area immediately around the tracks. Captain Garrison's office for his real-estate and crosstie business was the first to open.

Other crucial businesses soon opened, including a sawmill, store and the Greenwood Hotel - which may be the building below. The arrival of the town's first train in 1886 was celebrated by a free ride (albeit on flatcars) for all Garrisonites back to Nacogdoches.

Garrison's first school, a log church/schoolhouse burned that same year. Classes were taught in homes until the Mineral Springs Institute could be constructed. A new brick public school opened in 1911 but burned five years later.

Since incorporation proceeding were interupted in Nacogdoches, Garrison claims that their incorporation was the first in the county. Undisputed is the fact that Garrison elected Maud Irwin the first female mayor in Texas in 1937.

From a population of 500 in the mid-1890s, Garrison had double that number by 1915. Mineral springs made Garrison a (minor) health resort. Excavating clay for firebrick and exploiting the small coal deposits helped the economy, but after 1929 the coal mining operations ceased when cheaper natural gas replaced coal. Clay for brick continues to be a part of the Garrison economy.

Garrison, Texas Landmarks

Photo Gallery

Garrison TX -  Garrison Bulldogs  water tower
Garrison Bulldogs water tower
Photo courtesy Gerald Massey, December 2012
More Texas Water Towers


Garrison TX - First United Methodist Church
First United Methodist Church
Photo courtesy Gerald Massey, December 2012


Garrison TX - First United Methodist Church cornerstones
First United Methodist Church Cornerstone
Photo courtesy Gerald Massey, December 2012
More Texas Cornerstones


Garrison TX - First Baptist Church
First Baptist Church
Photo courtesy Gerald Massey, December 2012
More Texas Churches


Garrison Texas downtown
Downtown Garrison
Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson January 2006


Garrison TX -  - main street business and  water tower
Businesses and water tower
Photo courtesy Gerald Massey, December 2012
More Texas Water Towers


Garrison Texas historic hotel
Hotel
Photo courtesy Gerald Massey, December 2012

" I finally got a shot of the old hotel in Garrison TX on Hwy 59. If you are not camera ready before you get to Garrison, you'll miss it entirely.

After "Tenaha, Timpson, Bobo and Blair" the next town down the road is Garrison. "There ain't much here, but here is the best of it". - Ken Rudine, September 01, 2006

Garrison Texas hotel
The most noticeable building in Garrison
Photo Courtesy Ken Rudine August 2006

Take a road trip

East Texas

Garrison, Texas Nearby Towns:
Nacogdoches the county seat
Carthage
See Nacogdoches County

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