TexasEscapes.com HOME Welcome to Texas Escapes
A magazine written by Texas
Custom Search
New   |   Texas Towns   |   Ghost Towns   |   Counties   |   Trips   |   Features   |   Columns   |   Architecture   |   Images   |   Archives   |   Site Map

Jefferson County TX
Jefferson County




Counties
Texas Counties


Texas Towns
A - Z

CHINA, TEXAS

Jefferson County, Texas Gulf Coast

303'15"N 9419'55"W (30.054259, -94.331882)

U.S. 90
10 miles W of Beaumont the county seat
27 miles NW of Port Arthur
ZIP code 77613
Area code 409
Population: 1,260 (2020)
1,160 (2010) 1,112 (2000) 1,144 (1990)

China, Texas Area Hotels › Beaumont Hotels


China TX - Fishing
Fishing in China
Photo courtesy John Wayne Cope

History in a Pecan Shell

As the Texas and New Orleans Railroad built through Eastern Texas even as war clouds were darkening, in 1860 they came to a grove of Chinaberry trees and decided to put in a well to fill their locomotives. With few options for a name, someone suggest China Grove, the motion was seconded, and the rest is history.

By 1887 there were enough people here to request a post office and China Grove, Texas came into being. This facility was discontinued within a few months. They townsfolk were trying to sort out what had gone wrong - and by 1893 they figured the name had been too long. They reapplied as just plain China, Texas and Washington approved it.

Two men (Chas Nash and Howard Land) had been selling lots in a community called Nashland two miles east of China. Nashland had a larger population and its own post office (est 1900). When the China depot burned in 1906, Nashlanders sought to lure the railroad to their community. The move was competed, but the railroad insisted that the name remain the same. This left a depot with a conflictingly named post office. The conflict ended when the post office agreed to become China and Nashland became a local historical footnote.

China became a center for rice production and in the mid-1920s it supported an estimated 350 people. In the late 1930s, oil exploration discovered vast reserves.

The community got around to incorporation in the early 1970s and by the mid-1980s, it had acquired a population over 1,300. The 2000 census counted 1,112 residents who may (or may not) be considered "Chinese."

China, Texas - Water towers and flying ducks
China water towers and flying ducks
Photo courtesy John Wayne Cope, February 2019


China TX - Population Sign
China City Limit and Population Sign
Photo courtesy John Wayne Cope, 2019


China TX - Ducks
Photo courtesy John Wayne Cope, 2019


China TX - Sunset
Photo courtesy John Wayne Cope, 2019


China TX - Bald  Eagle
Bald Eagle in China
Photo courtesy John Wayne Cope, 2019

More Texas Birds


China TX
Photo courtesy John Wayne Cope
More Texas Animals


China TX - tractor on field
Tractor
Photo courtesy John Wayne Cope, January 2019


China TX Gas Pump
Gas Pump
Photo courtesy John Wayne Cope, February 2019


China, Texas water tower China, Texas Water Tower
TE Photo, 2003


Welcome to China
Welcome to China
TE Photo, May 2003

See
Unique Town Names by Bob Bowman

"China in Jefferson County was named China Grove for a grove of Chinaberry trees, but the name was later shortened." more

TX - Jefferson County 1907 postal map
1907 postal map showing China in NW Jefferson County, near Hardin County
From 1907 Texas state map #2090

Courtesy Texas General Land Office

Take a road trip

China, Texas Nearby Towns:
Beaumont the county seat
Port Arthur
Nome
Sour Lake

See Jefferson County | Texas Gulf Coast

Book Hotel Here:
Beaumont Hotels | More Hotels
Texas Escapes, in its purpose to preserve historic, endangered and vanishing Texas, asks that anyone wishing to share their local history, stories, landmarks and vintage/historic photos, please contact us.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Texas Escapes Online Magazine »   Archive Issues » Home »
TEXAS TOWNS & COUNTIES TEXAS LANDMARKS & IMAGES TEXAS HISTORY & CULTURE TEXAS OUTDOORS MORE
Texas Counties
Texas Towns A-Z
Texas Ghost Towns

TEXAS REGIONS:
Central Texas North
Central Texas South
Texas Gulf Coast
Texas Panhandle
Texas Hill Country
East Texas
South Texas
West Texas

Courthouses
Jails
Churches
Schoolhouses
Bridges
Theaters
Depots
Rooms with a Past
Monuments
Statues

Gas Stations
Post Offices
Museums
Water Towers
Grain Elevators
Cotton Gins
Lodges
Stores
Banks

Vintage Photos
Historic Trees
Cemeteries
Old Neon
Ghost Signs
Signs
Murals
Gargoyles
Pitted Dates
Cornerstones
Then & Now

Columns: History/Opinion
Texas History
Small Town Sagas
Black History
WWII
Texas Centennial
Ghosts
People
Animals
Food
Music
Art

Books
Cotton
Texas Railroads

Texas Trips
Texas Drives
Texas State Parks
Texas Rivers
Texas Lakes
Texas Forts
Texas Trails
Texas Maps
USA
MEXICO
HOTELS

Site Map
About Us
Privacy Statement
Disclaimer
Contributors
Staff
Contact Us

 
Website Content Copyright Texas Escapes LLC. All Rights Reserved