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Randall County TX
Randall County

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Home of West Texas State, Texas A & M University

Randall County Seat, Texas Panhandle

34° 58' 46" N, 101° 55' 33" W (34.979444, -101.925833)

US Hwys. 60, 217, 87, and I-27
14 miles S of Amarillo
107 miles N of Lubbock
20 miles N of Happy, Texas
ZIP codes 79015-79016
Area code 806
Population: 15,945 Est. (2019)
13,303 (2010) 12,875 (2000) 11,365 (1990)

Book Hotel Here › Canyon Hotels

Palo Duro Canyon State Park Lighthouse Peak
Photo courtesy Terry Jeanson
Palo Duro Canyon State Park
12 miles east of Canyon

Canyon, Texas Topics

Canyon History
A timeline of Canyon, Texas significant events
Canyon Landmarks / Attractions
Randall County Courthouse › next page
Canyon Old Photos
Canyon Hotels › Book here

History in a Pecan Shell

Known as Canyon City until 1911, the town's name was first suggested by blacksmith A. L. Hammond after Palo Duro Canyon. A man named Lincoln Guy Conner surveyed the site in late 1887 and platted the town in 1889. Conner refused to have the town named after himself, a gesture so rare in Texas that it deserves mention. Conner's dugout home served as the community store and post office.

With the organization of Randall County in 1889, Canyon City was chosen county seat. Without a railroad, lumber was freighted in from Quanah - a bone-jarring 140-mile wagon trip.

Conner built Canyon City's first hotel - and didn't name it after himself - choosing instead the "Victoria."

Newspaper publishing in Canyon City began in 1890. Mastheads bearing the names Echo, Keystone, Headlight, and Battleship came and went. In 1896 the Stayer was published. The name was intended to show the publisher's dertermination to stay in business. It was sold in 1903 - and was renamed the rather bland Canyon City News. After papers called the Battleship and Headlight - can you blame them? The News was bought in 1908, renamed the Randall County News. This lasted until 1920 when it was bought again and named the Canyon News. Don't worry, questions concerning the newspapers of Canyon won't be on the test.

Telephone service arrived in 1896 and two years later the railroad arrived (the Pecos and Northern Texas). Once again Mr. Conner strengthened the town by donating land alongside the railroad where acres of cattle pens were constructed. He didn't name these after himself either.

The Handbook of Texas saw fit to mention in their history of Canyon that one W. C. Kenyon ran a wagonyard and seven saloons. This may be the first documented case in Texas of a businessman taking parking into consideration for his patrons.

A timeline of Canyon, Texas significant events:

  • 1902: Telephone exchange is installed
  • 1904: Population of Canyon City reaches 530
  • 1906: Canyon City incorporates
  • 1907: Santa Fe railroad connects Canyon City to Plainview - wiping out stagecoach service between the two towns.
  • 1908: Canyon City gets electricity, an ice plant and a volunteer fire department.
  • 1909: More infrastructure is installed with a waterworks and sewer system. The brick courthouse is constructed this same year.
  • 1910: Canyon City is connected to Floydada with construction of the Santa Fe's Llano Estacado line. West Texas A&M University - then known as West Texas State Normal College opened on land (once again) donated by Lincoln Guy Conner. Classes were first held in the county courthouse. A brick school is built.
  • 1911: Canyon City officially becomes Canyon.
  • 1915: Canyon's population reaches 1,500 the population was 1,500, and the town can boast a twenty-five-room hotel (the Palace).
  • 1921: On December the second, the southside of Canyon's town square is destroyed by fire.
  • Prosperity continued throughout the 1920s. New infrastructure included paved streets, streetlights, and natural gas connections. The railroad even built a new depot and both elementary and high schools received new buildings. A county library opened in 1927.
  • The famed Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum was established in 1932 (expanded in 1985) to preserve the region's heritage. WPA projects in the 30s built new buildings on the college campus and a new post office was construct and decorated with a government-funded mural.
  • 1940: population reaches 2,622
  • 1950: population reaches 4,349

  • Canyon Tx Tin Man Water Tower
    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, December 2008

    Canyon, Texas Landmarks / Attractions

    & Photo Gallery

    Canyon TX - 1908 Randall County Courthouse

    Photo courtesy Terry Jeanson, August 2012

    Randall County Courthouse>

  • Randall County Courthouse

  • Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum
    One of the better regional museums in the state. The museum building itself (c.1933) is often featured in architectural guides of Texas for it's decorative and uniquely Texas details.

  • Big Tex Randall by Mike Cox

  • Big Tex Randall - This relic from the golden age of oversized and anatomically incorrect barkers was built in 1959.

  • Pioneer Amphitheater -
    Information Office - 1514 5th Avenue, Canyon
    806-655-2181 or 877-58-TEXAS

  • Buffalo Lake National Wildlife Refuge - 7,677 acres.
    A major waterfowl refuge, winter haven for ducks and geese.
    Headquarter - FM 168, 3 miles south of Umbarger

  • Palo Duro Canyon State Park

  • Canyon Hotels › Book Here

  • The Canyon Chamber of Commerce:
    1518 5th Avenue, Canyon, Texas 79015
    806-655-7815, 800-999-9481
    Website: www.canyonchamber.org

    Canyon Texas  Big Tex
    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, December 2008
    Big Tex on Highway 60 and 15th Street
    – you can’t miss it.

    See Big Tex Randall by Mike Cox

    Canyon Tx Depot
    Canyon Texas Depot
    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, December 2008
    More Texas Depots

    Canyon Tx Depot close up
    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, December 2008

    Canyon Tx L. T. Lester Home
    L. T. Lester Home
    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, December 2008

    L. T. Lester Home historical marker
    L. T. Lester (Buffalo Hunter & Cattleman) Home historical marker
    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, December 2008

    1909 First National Bank Building, Canyon Texas
    "The old First National Bank Building was completed in 1909 and designed by R.G. Kirsch, the architect of the 1908 Randall County courthouse."
    - Terry Jeanson, September 2007 photo

    First Baptist Church of Canyon Texas
    "First Baptist Church of Canyon. Construction began in 1929 but was not completed until after the Depression."
    - Terry Jeanson, Sept. 2007 photo

    Canyon Tx Grain Elevators
    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, December 2008
    More Grain Elevators

    Canyon Tx Grain Elevators
    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, December 2008

    Canyon Tx Tin Man Water Tower
    Canyon water tower
    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, December 2008
    More Water Towers

    Canyon, Texas Vintage Images

    Canyon TX - Crystal Falls, near Canyon, in the winter
    Crystal Falls in winter, near Canyon City, TX
    Old Postcard courtesy Dan Whatley Collection

    Crystal Falls near Canyon City
    "These falls—sometimes called Dreamland Falls— are now located on private property." - Dan Whatley, November 20, 2019

    Canyon TX - The Big Falls near Canyon
    The Big Falls near Canyon, Texas
    Click on image to enlarge
    Old Photo courtesy Dan Whatley Collection

    Canyon TX - Rocky Gorge, near Canyon,
    "Rocky Gorge" near Canyon City, Texas
    Old Photo courtesy Dan Whatley Collection

    Canyon TX - Sheep Ranch summer camp
    A summer camp on the Sheep Ranch.
    Band Wagon and 3,000 Head
    Old postcard courtesy Dan Whatley Collection
    See Texas Ranching

    Canceled Canyon, TX 1911 postmark
    courtesy Dan Whatley Collection

    Canyon, Texas Forum
    Subject: Waldine Tauch
    I read with interest your article on Waldine Tauch and her father. Thank you for this.

    However, I would point out that seven Tauch pieces are part of our collection, including the original plasters from which the bronzes were cast for the Texas Ranger, Pippa Passes, Higher Education, and Buckner Group. Tauch had a special relationship with Panhandle-Plains as she also left twelve Pompeo Coppini pieces to PPHM as well. You might add Canyon and Burnet (Buckner Children's Home) to the places one can see her work.

    Keep up the good work about Texas. - Respectfully, Michael R. Grauer, Curator of Ar,t Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum, Canyon, Texas, September 23, 2005

    Take a road trip

    Texas Panhandle

    Canyon, Texas Nearby Cities & Towns:
    Happy, Texas

    See Randall County

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    Texas Escapes, in its purpose to preserve historic, endangered and vanishing Texas, asks that anyone wishing to share their local history, stories, landmarks and recent or vintage photos, please contact us.



































































































































































































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