Settled by Polish immigrants sometime in the second half of the nineteenth
century, Polonia started off with a store, gin, blacksmith, two schools
and a church.
No population figures are available but in the late 1940s Poloniaís
schools joined those in Lockhart.
Today all thatís left of Polonia is the town cemetery.
N from Lockhart on US 183, then W on CR 233
Photo courtesy Barclay
Gibson, December 2006
tract of land that was the Polish settlement of Polonia was deeded
to Bishop John Neraz of the Catholic Diocese of San
Antonio in 1894 by Joseph and Veronica Dzierzanowski. The community
was founded one year after the death of Simon Dzierzanowski (1853-1896),
who was the first to be buried in his family's cemetery on this site.
The settlement once boasted a cotton gin, blacksmith shop, general
store, and the Sacred Heart Catholic Church. Schools for both English
and Spanish speaking students were built. The Polish population retained
many traditions from their homeland. Polonia declined in the late
1930s because of a failing farm economy. The Catholic church was razed
The Dzierzanowski Family Cemetery, now Polonia Community Cemetery,
is the last reminder of the once vibrant village. Twenty-five percent
of those buried in the cemetery are veterans of the United States
The first known families of Polonia, settling near this site from
1891, were Bienek, Boniewiez, Bonkowski, Dedek, Dikowski, Dykowski,
Dzierzanowski, Foerster, Foryszewski, Grabarkewitz, Kalinowski, Krzywosinski,
Levandowski, Malinowski, Petroski, Pieniazek, Reisner, Scholwinski,
Slawinski, Urbanski, Wacluwzcyk, Wisniewski, Zaleski, Zarrasky, Zawadski,
in its purpose to preserve historic, endangered and vanishing Texas,
asks that anyone wishing to share their local history and vintage/historic
photos, please contact