by Jeffery Robenalt 12-2-14
In nearly thirty years of dedicated and arduous service, Buffalo
Soldiers won the grudging respect of even the most prejudiced of
their white officers. The black cavalrymen and infantrymen were
awarded nine Medals of Honor for meritorious valor in combat and
countless other awards and commendations for distinguished service.
More importantly, Buffalo Soldiers were a credit to the African-American
O. Flipper, The Lost Epic by C. F. Eckhardt
Henry O. Flipper, 10th US Cavalry - Flipper was by no means the
first Black ever appointed to West Point, but he was the first to
complete four years and graduate as a commissioned officer in the
Ikard by Clay Coppedge
Bose Ikard was born into slavery and became rancher Charley Goodnight’s
most trusted and respected cowhand.
Barnett by John Troesser
November 5th, 1901 - January - 2004
"Life does not owe me one thing."
"While her birth in Weimar, Texas may have just been chance,
it's her accomplishments after she left Weimar that deserve a closer
look. When she died last year of cancer (in Chicago) at the age
of 102, Etta Moten Barnett had had a rich and full life.. She is
now remembered as an actress, singer, and philanthropist ..."
Theodore H. Barrett (From Cavalry
of the West by Jeffrey Robenalt)
Thing you should know about Jules Bledsoe by John Troesser
Photos courtesy The Texas Collection, Baylor University
His role as "Joe" in Jerome Kern's Showboat made "Ol' Man River"
an American classic.
Lemon by Bob Bowman
Bootblack King by Bob Bowman
It has been thirty years since Charlie Castle died, but they still
talk about him in Lufkin. Charlie was a legend, a black man who,
according to many East Texans in the fifties, delivered the best
shoe shine in Texas.
by Bob Bowman
In 1921 she became the only black pilot in the world. A year later
she became the first black woman to fly over American soil.
Cox - Fighting Indians on the Texas Frontier by Murray Montgomery
Cuney by Archie P. McDonald
"... Cuney technically began life as a slave..."
Wright Cuney by Archie P. McDonald
The most remarkable African American leader in Texas in the nineteenth
a bull riding legend by Bob Bowman
Myrtis Dightman has finally received the attention he should have
had decades ago. Born in Crockett in 1935, Dightman was a legendary
bull rider who set all types of records for riding raging bulls
in rodeo arenas across the United States.
50,000 Shoeshine by Bob Bowman
Henry O. Flipper, An
Epic Remaining To Be Told by C. F. Eckhardt
Perhaps the most enigmatic figure in the annals of the American
West is not Johnny Ringo of maybe-suicide/maybe-murder or the deliberately
enigmatic Mysterious Dave Mather, but 2/LT Henry O. Flipper, 10th
United States Cavalry...
Goyens by Archie P. McDonald
This is the story of a free black man who lived and thrived in Nacogdoches
during the days of slavery.
Houston's trusted friend was born a slave by Murray Montgomery
The man who was born into slavery and went on to become a trusted
friend of Sam Houston died in Belton on April 3, 1941. He is honored
by two Texas historical markers...
Rufus F. Hardin School - Educator Rufus F. Hardin
for Lightnin' by Bob Bowman
Bose Ikard by Clay
Bose Ikard was born into slavery and became rancher Charley Goodnight’s
most trusted and respected cowhand. For Ikard, more than most, the
road to the history books was a long and winding one.
Heavyweight Champ Jack Johnson by Archie P. McDonald
Night Irene by Archie P. McDonald
Luther King, Jr. Birthday by Archie P. McDonald
Mary, Once of Perry by Toney Urban
Unbelievable, but true stories connected to Perry, Texas (Falls
"In the late 40s and early 50s, there was a Black lady named
Mary (last name unknown), that would arrive out in the countryside
near Perry, Texas and dispense some incredibly amazing medicine
Cartoon by Roger T. Moore
His was likely the first blood shed in the war for independence
Miller: Hero by Archie P. McDonald
African American hero of WWII
slave's death in 1889 attracted rare news coverage by
W. T. Block
In February 1889, Beaumont Enterprise published an obituary about
a Black centenarian, nicknamed "Old Sock," in an age when Black
obituaries were usually printed only in Negro newspapers...
another like Bill Pickett by Clay Coppedge
Bill Pickett invented the practice of what we know as bulldogging,
or steer wrestling....
Cavalry Division at Fort Clark Historical Marker
The only all-black cavalry division in U.S. Army history and the
largest mounted formation ever to serve in Texas.
Scout Camp in Fort Clark Historical Marker
Whirlwind Lt. John Lapham Bullis and the Seminole Negro Scouts
by C. F. Eckhardt
"One of the least-known heroes of the Texas frontier was a
man known to his followers as The Whirlwind and to his enemies as
The Thunderbolt..... John Bullis didn't do it all alone. He had
a lot of help. The help, mostly, was the Seminole Negro scouts.
What became of them?..."
Rufus F. Hardin School Founder
(Alphonso) Steele - last Texas survivor of the battle of San Jacinto
Philosophy by Mike Cox
Through the last decades of Jim Crow America, he worked as dancing
minstrel, a black in blackface clowning
The Tenth Cavalry Historical
Marker in Fort Concho
Pine by Bob Bowman
The story of a slave and the oldest pine tree in East Texas.
Hero Named Tom by C. F. Eckhardt
We don’t know much about Tom’s background, because Tom was a slave.
He belonged to William Snyder, a plantation owner in East Texas.
We’re told that he was about 35 years old, stood well over 6 feet
in height, and weighed about 240 pounds. He was also, apparently,
East Texan by Bob Bowman
Dooley Wilson played the piano player who sang “As Time Goes By,”
in the classic film Casablanca. An African-American, Wilson was
born as Arthur Wilson on April 3, 1886, in Tyler.
Cake with 111 Candles washed down with "Good" whiskey
by Mike Cox
Sullivan claimed his mother had been one of George Washington’s
slaves. Eventually freed by the first president, Sullivan’s mother
married a man named Sullivan and had several children. Though free,
her children ended up being pressed back into slavery, literally
“sold down the river” from Kentucky to Mississippi.
Ada Stone by Murray Montgomery
109-Year-Old Ex-Slave Recalls Days Long Past
slave recalls memories of old Lavaca County by Murray Montgomery
In 1946, a black man by the name of Tate Hicks told a local paper
that he was the oldest man in Lavaca County. Fact is, he came to
Texas as a slave...
for Grandfather in Port Arthur
Fire in the State Capitol by Mike Cox
When McBride died at 76 on April 8, 1936, the Associated Press,
which like the rest of the mainstream media in Jim Crow days did
not normally report the natural passing of African-Americans, distributed
a four-paragraph story noting the death of “the negro who indirectly
caused construction of Texas’ massive granite capitol.”
Emporia by Bob Bowman 7-2-12
It is on one of the most enduring mysteries in East Texas. In the
early 1900s, an explosion and fire struck the old Emporia sawmill
south of what is now Diboll. More than thirty sawmill workers, most
of them black, are believed to have perished in the conflagration.
Burned beyond recognition, the men were reportedly buried in a mass
grave somewhere on the Emporia town site, now a part of Diboll,
with no tombstones to mark their final resting place....
Sweet Home Vocational and Agricultural School
On National Register of Historic Places
Recorded Texas Historic Landmark
History by Dana Goolsby 2-16-11
Black history has deep roots in the first county in Texas...
Baptist Church Cemetery by John Troesser
Black church and cemetery in Schulenburg, Texas
For a tiny cemetery, a disporportionate number of veterans graves.
1869 Old Providence Baptist Church
One of the oldest Black Historic Churches
Point, Camp County
"Deep Ellum" Historical District - A Dallas Counterpart to Memphis'
Mott Cemetery, McLennan County 11-18-17
Christian College by Archie P. McDonald
Obtaining a collegiate education presented a problem for African
Americans in Texas prior to court-ordered racial integration which
began in the 1950s... In Texas, especially East Texas, Wiley College
in Marshall and Jarvis Christian College in Hawkins were about the
only options for undergraduate instruction...
- St. Phillips Community
- Antioch Community
County Roadside Park in Memory of Alfonso Steele, Last Survivor
of Battle of San Jacinto, First Settler of Limestone County
Allen College Photos by George Lester
Allen Seminary Historical Marker
Colony, Blanco County
Texas, Grimes County - Named after a plantation
Mound, Camp County
Marcos - 1873 Former Hays County Jail - Now the African-American
Flat, Rains County
Hill by Bob Bowman
Science Hill lasted only a few decades, but its reputation as a
center of education is well-remembered by descendants of its founders
and builders. So is its violence in the early days of the Civil
Missionary Baptist Church, Cedar Lane, Texas
Texas, Anderson County
On the ranch
in the 1930s
changing face of Texas from 1860-1960 by Murray Montgomery
What Texas was like just prior to the Civil War
Pottery by Clay Coppedge
One of the first if not the very first African-American owned businesses
in Texas was in Capote, not far from Seguin in Guadalpe County...
Examples of Wilson stoneware have been exhibited at the Witte Museum
in San Antonio, the Institute of Texas Cultures in San Antonio,
and the Museum of Fine Arts in Houston. The Wilson Pottery Foundation,
with its own museum, is dedicated to preserving the memory and works
of Hiram and the other Wilsons who, in bondage and as free men,
created durable and practical stoneware that today is worth more
than what any of the Wilson potters made in a lifetime.
by Archie P. McDonald
On June 19, 1865, Union General Gordon Granger brought the full
force of the United States military establishment to Galveston and
proclaimed the Civil War at an end and all wartime proclamations
by President Abraham Lincoln in effect in the Lone Star State. Part
of that dealt with the end of slavery in Texas...
Hot Summers by Archie P. McDonald
Veterans of the "long hot summers" of the summers of the 1960s,
a time of racial tension, would have thought it "de ja vu all over
again" if they had remembered 1919...
Christian Temperance Union by Archie P. McDonald
The Woman’s Christian Temperance Union was misnamed: “temperance”
means “moderation...avoiding extremes.” What the WCTU really wanted
was total abstinence from all alcohol beverages. They wanted everyone
connected with brewing, distilling, fermenting, and selling alcohol
out of business and right now...
Island on Mermentau River, A Slave Ship's Inhumanity by W. T.
Block ("Cannonball's Tales")
"Back in 1949 my Uncle Austin Sweeney of Nederland, TX who
was born and reared in Grand Chenier, LA., told me the story of
a slaver captains inhumanity so bestial, that it is difficult for
the human mind to comprehend it. It was the story of 200 starving
African slaves abandoned on a marsh ridge on Mermentau River, where
they were left to die horrific deaths..."
Soldiers in the Confederate Army by Murray Montgomery
"... Not only did they fight, these soldiers distinguished
themselves on the battlefield..."
Cowboys by Murray Montgomery
The black cowboy has been part of the ranching industry in Texas
for a long time. They were born into slavery in the beginning but
after the Civil War they continued to work on the ranches as free
Boogie Woogie Began by Bob Bowman
In 1939, African American historian E. Simms Campbell wrote, “Boogie
Woogie piano playing originated in the lumber and turpentine camps
of Texas and in the sporting houses of that state.”
Hanging by Mike Cox
James Washington White lost an arm fighting for the South during
the Civil War. He could have spent the rest of his life seething
with bitterness, but that’s not how it turned out.
Through History by Bob Bowman
For black families, who have always had a difficult time researching
their earliest ancestors because of poor records dealing with slaves,
Murphy’s book has been widely welcomed.
from "Texas Tales" column by Mike Cox
Unsung heroes who were instrumental in putting the end to the Ku
Klux Klan in Texas
Integration by Bob Bowman