reason the relatively brief cattle drive era, which lasted from the end of the
Civil War to the early 1880s, had such an impact on history was because the cattle
drives allowed men to rise above the circumstances of their upbringing and education
to make a little money and earn a measure of respect. |
As good an example
of that as anybody is Bose Ikard, who was born into slavery and became rancher
Charley Goodnight’s most
trusted and respected cowhand. For Ikard, more than most, the road to the history
books was a long and winding one.
Born into slavery in Mississippi in
the 1840s, his father was most likely his slave master, Dr. Milton Ikard, and
his mother was a slave named King. Along with Ikard’s recognized son, William
Susan Ikard, Bose arrived in Texas with the Ikards in 1852 as a slave. They set
up shop in Parker County near Weatherford
and began living the life that was being lived on the frontier, which included
breaking horses and battling Comanches. He served with the Confederacy during
the Civil War and returned to Weatherford
to continue as a free man the cowboy life he had lived as a slave.
|While it’s easy to
say that Ikard’s life changed for the better by his meeting Oliver Loving and
Charles Goodnight, namesakes of the Goodnight-Loving Trail, it’s just
as easy to say that Loving and Goodnight were the larger benefactors of the meeting.|
surpassed any man I had in endurance and stamina,” Goodnight said. “There
was a dignity, a cleanliness and reliability about him that was wonderful. His
behavior was very good in a fight and he was probably the most devoted man to
me that I ever knew. I have trusted him farther than any man. He was my banker,
my detective, and everything else in Colorado, New Mexico and the other wild country.
The nearest and only bank was in Denver, and when we carried money, I gave it
to Bose, for a thief would never think of robbing him.”
Trail was different from the Chisholm and other famous trails of the cattle drive
era in that it headed west out of Texas instead of north. By going due west through
Fort Phantom Hill, Goodnight
and Loving reasoned that they could avoid the perils that lurked in Indian Territory,
now Oklahoma. Between them, Goodnight and Loving had 2,000 head of Texas
longhorn on the first drive. Stretches of the trail, especially in the deserts
of southwest Texas both east and west of the Pecos
River, might have made some of the men wonder if they wouldn’t have been better
off taking their chances with the Comanches.
Ikard distinguished himself
on the trail with an unerring devotion to duty and skills that made him a key
member of the outfit. His ability to trail stampeding cattle at night was especially
valued and respected because it was as dangerous as it was essential. “He was
the most skillful and trustworthy man that I had,” Goodnight later said of Ikard.
Loving was killed by Comanches in September of 1867 in New Mexico. In
February of the following year, Loving’s body was exhumed from its grave in Fort
Sumter and hauled 700 miles back to Weatherford.
Bose Ikard probably was one of the men who accompanied Goodnight on that epic
journey, which was so eloquently dramatized in “Lonesome Dove.” Ikard served
as the model for the Joshua Deets character in the miniseries based on the book.
In McMurty’s fictional version, Ikard dies on the trail.
| In real life, in
between trips up the trail, Ikard bought a farm near Weatherford,
married and fathered a half dozen children. Neighbors remembered him as a handyman
who did yard work and ran errands. When he died of the flu in 1929, the Weatherford
paper ran a short obituary referring to him as “one of the old time Negroes of
Parker County.” |
When Goodnight, then in his 90s and the embodiment of
a living legend, heard of his old friend’s death he made arrangements to have
a monument erected at his gravesite. A more proper obituary, one that included
his years as a cowboy with Goodnight and Loving, was published.
monument, Goodnight had these words inscribed: “Served with me four years on the
Goodnight-Loving Trail, never shirked duty or disobeyed an order, rode with me
in many stampedes, participated in three engagements with Comanches, splendid
February 1, 2011 Column
Texas Ranching | Texas
People | Texas Black History