by Mike Cox
have always tended to think big.
In 1912, a San Antonio group began raising money to build a monument
to the defenders of the Alamo.
But the memorial they wanted for Alamo Plaza would not be any run
of the mill monument. It would be Texas-sized and then some, an architectural
The Alamo Heroes Monument Association had an architectural drawing
prepared to use in the fund-raising process. Whether the association’s
architect ever got as far as preparing detailed plans is a bit hazy
after all these years, but his rendering survived.
As envisioned, the base of the monument would feature 30-foot statues
of four Alamo heroes: The Big Three (William B. Travis, James Bowie
and David Crockett) and William Bonham. The monument also would have
a museum with displays from each of Texas’ counties.
A giant white stone obelisk would tower above the museum, topped with
what looks to a modern eye like a gilded Hershey’s kiss. Beneath the
“kiss” was an observation area slightly reminiscent of the University
of Texas tower in Austin but with a touch of the orient thrown in.
In other words, while the planned monument could be called distinctive,
some would say the distinction lay in its ugliness.
The monument’s aesthetic qualities might be called into question,
but its scale would command attention. The association wanted the
monument to stand 802 feet tall. Indeed, according to a Web site called
emporis.com, the Alamo monument would have been the tallest structure
in the United States in 1912 — rising eight feet higher than the Woolworth
Building in New York City.
Not only would the monument have been the tallest manmade object in
the nation, it would have been the second highest in the world. Only
Paris’ Eiffel Tower, built in 1889, would have exceeded it in height.
The Alamo monument also would have reigned as the tallest edifice
in the U.S. for another 18 years. Not until 1930 did the building
at 40 Wall Street in New York top 800 feet. In Texas, the Alamo monument
would have been the tallest structure until 1982, when the 75-story
JPMorganChase Tower opened in Houston.
Even today, the monument would have been the tallest in the world.
As it is, Texans have had to settle for the 1936-1939 San
Jacinto Monument, which rises 570 above the ground where Sam Houston
routed Santa Anna’s army on April 21, 1836.
The Alamo monument would have cost an estimated $2 million to build
in 1912. Unfortunately, the association did not succeed in putting
together enough money to get the project off the ground.
In 1939, a monument to the Alamo
finally rose across from the old mission, but impressive as it is,
it’s puny in comparison with the 1912 plans. Designed by Pompeo Coppini,
an Italian sculptor transplanted to Texas, the Alamo
Cenotaph stands a mere 60 feet above the pavement.
The surviving rendering of the monument proposed in 1912 could not
be called particularly attractive, but it would have given San
Antonio – and Texas – a tourist attraction rivaling the Alamo
itself. Come to think of it, maybe that’s why the association had
trouble raising the money. An 802-foot monument would have overshadowed
the old mission literally and figuratively.
Of course, San Antonio
still ended up with a needle-like structure on its skyline: The 750-foot
Tower of the Americas. Built for HemisFair in 1968, the tower is nearly
as tall as the proposed 1912 monument. It’s 130 feet taller than the
San Jacinto Monument, 87 feet higher than the Seattle Space Needle
and 67 feet higher than the Washington Monument.
Alas, to put it in poker terms, developers in Las Vegas decided to
“buy the pot” in the tall tower game. The Stratosphere Tower, completed
in 1996, climbs 1,149 feet above the Nevada desert. It now is the
tallest structure west of the Mississippi.
The world continues to remember the Alamo
and roll the dice in Las Vegas, but the Alamo monument that never
would be has been forgotten.