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Clay Coppedge

Texas | Columns | "Letters from Central Texas"


by Clay Coppedge
No, the Sanctified Sisters were not a female gospel singing group. They weren't even sisters. In their day, which ran roughly from the 1860s to just after the turn of the century, the Sanctified Sisters existed as one of the most unusual and, in their own way, influential religious groups in Bell County history.

The group was also known as the Belton Woman's Commonwealth and the True Church Colony. The Sanctified Sisters was a somewhat derisive term that townspeople in Belton used to describe the group. The group's beliefs, and the way they acted upon those beliefs, were considered scandalous.

The group was started by Martha White McWhirter, usually referred to in historical texts as Mrs. George M. McWhirter. The couple met and married in Tennessee and moved to Bell County, near what became the Armstrong Community, in 1855.

They settled in Belton about 1866 where George entered the mercantile business and had an interest in a flour mill.

About the time George returned from the Civil War, where he attained the rank of Major in the Confederate Army, Martha McWhirter suffered something of a spiritual crisis. A brother and two of her children had died, which she interpreted as punishment from God.

Mrs. McWhirter prayed fervently and claimed to have a vision accompanied by an audible voice that told her she had been "sanctified," or filled with the Holy Spirit.

Members of her prayer group soon came to her with the news that they too had been sanctified. They became sisters in sanctification.

Ms. McWhirter's officially broke with the Methodist church in 1870 when the Methodists erected a building and proposed to organize a Methodist Sunday School to replace Belton's nonsectarian Union Sunday School, where her husband was a superintendent.

In time, the group completely cut itself off from all other organized church groups and became a religious entity all unto itself.

Part of the group's doctrine included the then unheard-of belief that men and women were equal in the eyes of God. One of Ms. McWhirter's divine revelations was that it was no longer a woman's duty to remain with a husband who bossed and controlled her, that God had made man and woman equal.

"We were to come out and be the 'peculiar people,'" she said.

The True Church Colony was open to men but most declined membership, probably because they took issue with the group's vows of celibacy with unsanctified mates.

Two brothers from Scotland, members of the Sanctificationist Church back home, joined the group. This displeased a group of Belton men, who took the brothers to the woods, stripped and flogged them. Lunacy charges were filed against the men when they refused to repent. The brothers won their case in court - something about the freedom of religion - but they never went back to True Church Colony again, which might have definitively proven their sanity.

The group evolved into a commune that held all wealth in common and which also doubled as something of a battered women's center, owing to the sometime violent reactions of husbands to their wives' newfound sanctity.

In its early days the group made ends meet by selling vegetables, chickens, butter and eggs. The business grew to include a laundry, a bakery, and a boarding house along with hotels in Belton and Waco.

The women's prosperity eventually brought them a measure of respect in Belton by virtue of the fact that they made a lot of money. Martha McWhirter even became the first woman to sit on the Belton's board of trade.

Mrs. McWhirter was the group's undisputed leader and she ruled with an iron fist and a will to match. The laws she set up were absolute and inflexible.

One of the laws stipulated that no sanctified woman could be the wife of an unsanctified husband, and visa versa. Women left their husbands in number high enough to draw attention from the community. Much of the community, especially the men, considered them little more than home wreckers.

Though the women seemed to have no qualms about leaving their husbands, neither did they protest when the husbands died and left them sizeable estates. In such a manner did the Sanctificationists inherit a homestead that became a headquarters for the colony.

Ms. McWhirter also received a sizeable inheritance from George, who left home after the couple's children had reached "the age of discretion." He spent the last years of his life in a room his wife fixed for him in his downtown office. The couple never spoke again. When he died in 1877, Ms. McWhirter said of her husband, "He believed in the sincerity of my religion and he always loved me."

At least one frustrated husband had his sanctified wife committed to an insane asylum but she was rescued by Mrs. McWhirter and received a $1,500 settlement from the state for being falsely committed - that freedom of religion thing again.

In 1900 the group sold or leased all its Texas property and went forth into the wider world, not to multiply but to look for a retirement home. They went north to the Great Lakes and south into Mexico but settled on Washington, D.C. where they bought a large house on Keenesaw Avenue.

The women were often seen out and about in the nation's capital, attending the theater and lectures and the galleries of Congress. They operated a farm in Maryland and a boarding house in Washington, D.C. The national press sometimes came calling. In spite of themselves, the women were almost celebrities.

Ms. McWhirter had believed for a long time that her days were numbered but she lived to be an old woman. "I used to worry much about death, but I think now that were are just in the dawn of the new dispensation when the Christ is to begin his reign of Peace on Earth," she said late in her life.

Martha McWhirter died in 1904 and Fannie Holtzclaw took over the as the commune's leader. The group dwindled away as its members died, the vow of celibacy doing away with the notion of any second generation Sanctificationists.

Martha Scheble, the last of the Sanctified Sisters, died on the Maryland farm in 1983 at the age of 101.

Clay Coppedge
"Letters from Central Texas"
November 7 , 2007 Column

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