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  Texas : Towns A-Z / Central Texas South : New Ulm

NEW ULM , TEXAS

Austin County, Central Texas S
FM 1094 and 109
19 miles S of Brenham
22 miles SW of Bellville
16 miles NE of Columbus on FM 109
23 miles NW of Sealy on FM 1094

Population: 650

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A garden in New Ulm
Cultivated flowers in New Ulm
Photo courtesy Cissy CeCe wong

History in a Pecan Shell

New Ulm is one of the premier German settlements in Texas. There's a lot of history for such a small and tranquil place. Richard King of the King Ranch passed through New Ulm and tried his hand at cigar manufacturing before heading south and in the 1920s a New Ulm store was burgled by none other than one of the Newton Boys, although we can't remember which one.

Like many towns in Austin, and Fayette Counties, the original settlers were Anglo-American settlers who sold out to eager German buyers who arrived literally by the boatload in the 1840s and 50s. The original name of Duff's Settlement was replaced with the much more Germanic name with the founding of the post office in 1852.

As early as the 1850s New Ulm had six general stores, five blacksmiths, and three breweries. Tobacco was a major cash crop and cigars were manufactured in homes and at least one factory. The arrival of the railroad (Missouri, Kansas and Texas) in 1892 just increased New Ulm's already prosperous economy.

Spring flowers in New Ulm Texas
More of New Ulm's flowers
Photo courtesy Cissy Wong
There were 500 people in New Ulm in 1930 and while we await the new census figures, New Ulm is currently at its record population of 650.

There were enough surviving 19th century buildings to get New Ulm featured in Texas Public Buildings of the 19th Century by Williard B. Robinson, a favorite reference of ours.

The TE Grand Tour of Austin County includes New Ulm, Cat Spring, Frelsburg, and Industry.

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New Ulm Texas Forum

Anyone wishing to share stories, memories or historic photos of New Ulm, Texas, please contact us.
John Troesser
 
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This page last modified: July 27, 2006