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 Texas : Towns A-Z / Gulf Coast / East Texas : Monroe City

MONROE CITY, TEXAS

Chambers County, Gulf Coast / East Texas
FM 1724 and Highway 124
39 Miles SW of Beaumont
55 Miles E of Houston
6 Miles E of Anahuac

Population 11(2000) 90(1990)

Monroe City, Texas Area Hotels:
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Monroe City historical marker
The historical marker amid the plentiful southeast Texas vegetation. TE Photo
Historical Marker Text

Anahuac Oil and Gas Field

Although oil production of major value began in Chambers County in 1916, this prolific Anahuac field was discovered on March 3, 1935, with completion of Humble Oil & Refining Company's A. D. Middleton No. 1 (1.8 mi. SE). The camp which housed Humble crews who developed the field was adjacent to this site.

The field encompasses some 14,000 acres of prime rice and grazing land and produces from 21 zones in a highly faulted domal structure. Producing depths range from 6,600 feet to 8,600 feet. Peak production was reached in World War II, when in 1944 annual total was 11,916,137 barrels. Discovery well had an original potential of 144 barrels a day from depth of 7,050 feet. It was deepened to 7,088 feet and recompleted March 14, 1935, with a new potential of 518 barrels. Through 1966, A. D. Middleton No. 1 has produced in excess of 390,000 barrels of oil.

Over 177 million barrels of oil and 268 billion cubic feet of gas have been produced from the field. (In Chambers County, a pioneer oil producing area, over 475 million barrels of oil have been produced since 1916.) At present, there are 408 wells in the Anahuac field, and it is expected that production will continue into the 21st century.
Incise in Base: Erected by Chambers County Historical Survey Committee, Guy C. Jackson III, Chairman

Monroe City History

"... The town, named for Monroe White, a prominent local citizen, was established in the wake of the discovery of the Anahuac oilfield in 1935. Companies with major interests in the Anahuac field included the Humble Oil and Refining Company (later Exxon Company, U.S.A.), followed by Sun Oil and Gulf Oil...." - From Handbook of Texas Online
http://www.tshaonline.org/

Texas Escapes, in its purpose to preserve historic, endangered and vanishing Texas, asks that anyone wishing to share their local history and vintage/historic photos of their town, please contact us.

Chambers County Texas 1940s map

1940 Chambers County Map showing Anahuac
(Above "B" in "C-H-A-M-B-E-R-S")
Monroe City, 6 Miles E of Anahuac, is not on the map
Courtesy Texas General Land Office

Monroe City , Texas
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Beaumont
Houston
Anahuac
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