Things to Know about|
Tennesseean by Birth, a Texan by Adoption."
Inscription on his Statue
Photo courtesy Library of Congress
- Born in 1825,
in Sparta, Tennessee, the Thockmorton family arrived in Texas
when James was 11 years old., Throckmortonís physician father died soon thereafter
and the boy left Texas to study medicine with his
uncle in Princeton, Kentucky.
He volunteered for military service when the war with Mexico broke out but shortly
thereafter developed a kidney disease that would plague him for the remainder
of his life. He received a medical discharge on June 8, 1847.
The following year he married Annie Rattan and the pair made their home near McKinney
where Throckmorton started practicing medicine. Despite his success as a physician,
Throckmorton didnít enjoy doctoring and after closing up shop, he joined a McKinney
1851 he was elected as the state representative for Collin and Denton counties.
He served until 1857 when he was elected to the Texas Senate and was reelected
in 1859. He was one of the few who stood with Sam Houston against Texasí secession.
- During the
Civil War Throckmorton organized the Company of Mounted Riflemen from Collin County
who defended the frontier forts of Wichita and Arbuckle in present day Oklahoma.
He then joined the Sixth Texas Cavalry. After seeing combat in several battles,
Throckmorton was discharged in September of 1863, for his nagging kidney problem.
- He served in
the state senate in 1864 and was commissioned as brigadier-general of the state's
First Frontier District in December of 1864.
1865 he was appointed Confederate Commissioner to the Indians where he negotiated
successful treaties. Throckmorton was given the Indian nickname of "Old Leathercoat."
- In 1866 Throckmorton
ran for governor and defeated candidate, E. M. Pease. Governor Throckmorton was
sworn in as Governor on August 9, 1866 but was removed by order of Union Maj.
Gen. Philip H. Sheridan in July of 1867.
Throckmorton returned to McKinney
and resumed his law practice. He was an attorney for the Texas and Pacific Railroad
and lobbied for railroad expansion.
returned to Congress in 1882 and was reelected for the next two terms before his
kidney disease forced him to sit out the 1888 election. He died in 1894.
Photo courtesy Mike
Price, December 2007