|James Webb Throckmorton
Photo courtesy Library of Congress
- Born in 1825,
in Sparta, Tennessee, the Thockmorton family arrived in Texas
when James was 11 years old., Throckmortonís physician father
died soon thereafter and the boy left Texas
to study medicine with his uncle in Princeton, Kentucky.
- He volunteered
for military service when the war with Mexico broke out but shortly
thereafter developed a kidney disease that would plague him for
the remainder of his life. He received a medical discharge on
June 8, 1847.
- The following
year he married Annie Rattan and the pair made their home near
McKinney where Throckmorton
started practicing medicine. Despite his success as a physician,
Throckmorton didnít enjoy doctoring and after closing up shop,
he joined a McKinney
- In 1851 he
was elected as the state representative for Collin
and Denton counties.
He served until 1857 when he was elected to the Texas Senate and
was reelected in 1859. He was one of the few who stood with Sam
Houston against Texasí secession.
- During the
Civil War Throckmorton organized the Company of Mounted Riflemen
from Collin County
who defended the frontier forts of Wichita and Arbuckle in present
day Oklahoma. He then joined the Sixth Texas Cavalry. After seeing
combat in several battles, Throckmorton was discharged in September
of 1863, for his nagging kidney problem.
- He served
in the state senate in 1864 and was commissioned as brigadier-general
of the state's First Frontier District in December of 1864.
- In 1865 he
was appointed Confederate Commissioner to the Indians where he
negotiated successful treaties. Throckmorton was given the Indian
nickname of "Old Leathercoat."
- In 1866
Throckmorton ran for governor and defeated candidate, E. M. Pease.
Governor Throckmorton was sworn in as Governor on August 9, 1866
but was removed by order of Union Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan
in July of 1867.
returned to McKinney
and resumed his law practice. He was an attorney for the Texas
and Pacific Railroad and lobbied for railroad
returned to Congress in 1882 and was reelected for the next two
terms before his kidney disease forced him to sit out the 1888
election. He died in 1894.
Photo courtesy Mike
Price, December 2007