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Texas State Capitol Building
Austin, Texas

Recorded Texas Historic Landmark

1100 Congress Avenue
Austin, TX 78701
(512) 463-0063

Book Hotel Here > Austin Hotels
Historical Marker Text

The Texas Capitol

Austin became the capital of Texas Jan. 19, 1840, and this hill was platted as Capitol Square. A modest statehouse built here in the 1850s soon developed structural flaws. The Constitutional Convention of 1876 set aside 3,000,000 acres of public land to finance another building. This was authorized after the 1850s capitol burned on Nov. 9, 1881.

Architect E.E. Myers of Detroit won a national competition with his plans for this capitol. The contractor was Mattheas Schnell of Rock Island, Ill. Basement excavation began early in 1882. Railroads built especially for this project hauled limestone from the Oatmanville quarries in Travis County as well as stone donated by the owners of the Granite Mountain in Burnet County. The 900 workmen on the project included 86 granite cutters brought from Scotland. Charles B. and John V. Farwell, Chicago bankers, funded the construction and were repaid in land in ten Panhandle counties, on which they founded the famous XIT Ranch.

At dedication ceremonies on May 18, 1888, the capitol was accepted on behalf of the people by state senator Temple Houston, son of Texas hero Sam Houston. He called it "a structure that shall stand as a sentinel of eternity."
(1976)
Texas State Capitol and Goddess
Texas State Capitol and Goddess of Liberty
Courtesy Texas State Library & Archives
Texas State Capitol Dedication Of Fire Fighters Monumnent - Austin Texas old photo
Dedication Of Fire Fighters Monument
Courtesy Texas State Library & Archives
Texas State Capitol Building during construction, 1886 - Austin Texas old photo
Building during construction in 1886
Courtesy Texas State Library & Archives
Texas State Capitol - Elijah Meyers Blueprint
Elijah Meyers Blueprint
Courtesy Texas State Library And Archives
Texas State Capitol Dome Under Construction - Austin Texas old photo
Capitol Dome Under Construction
Courtesy Texas State Library & Archives

Texas State Capitol Building Today

The Capitol Dome
Austin Texas Capitol Dome
Capitol Dome
TE Photo, 2004
Austin Texas Capitol Dome Looking Up
Capitol Dome Looking Up
TE Photo, 2004
Austin Texas Capitol Interior - People In Line
Capitol Interior - People In Line
TE Photo, 2004
Austin Texas Capitol In Scaffolding
Capitol In Scaffolding
TE Photo, August, 2010
Architectural Details
Austin Texas Capitol Capital
Capitol Capital
TE Photo, 2004
Austin Texas Capitol Clock
Capitol Clock
TE Photo, 2004
Austin Texas Capitol Columns Details
Columns Details
TE Photo 2004
Texas Capitol Interior - Wooden Capital
Capitol Interior - Wooden Capital
TE Photo, 2004
Cornerstone
Austin Texas Capitol Cornerstone

TE Photo

Austin Texas Capitol Cornerstone Left Side Inscription
Texas Capitol Cornerstone - Left Side Inscription
"Commenced Feb 1, 1882"

TE Photo
More Texas Cornerstones

Capitol Building Vintage Postcards

Austin TX - Birds Eye View Capitol
Birds Eye View of Austin with distant view of the Capitol
Courtesy www.rootsweb.com/%7Etxpstcrd/
Austin TX - Congress Ave Capitol Bldg
Congress Avenue showing the Capitol building
Courtesy www.rootsweb.com/ %7Etxpstcrd/
Austin TX Congress Ave From Capitol Dome
Congress Ave, Austin, Texas, From Dome of Capitol
Courtesy www.rootsweb.com/%7Etxpstcrd/
Austin TX - Capitol At Night
Capitol At Night
Courtesy www.rootsweb.com/%7Etxpstcrd/
Texas State Capitol Related Stories:
  • The State Capitol Dome Mike Cox
    Land Commissioner W.C. Walsh had been watching the construction of the new Capitol since the first shovel of dirt was tossed on Feb. 1, 1882... As the new Capitol slowly took shape, so did Walsh’s layman’s knowledge of architecture. Now, with construction about to begin on the dome, Walsh grew increasingly uneasy...

  • Rusk’s Capitol Role by Bob Bowman
    This month, Texans will quietly celebrate the 117th anniversary of the completion of the Texas Capitol in Austin.

    But, as in past observances, there will be little acknowledgment of the role that East Texas, especially the town of Rusk, played in the capitol’s completion.


  • Goddess of Liberty
    The statue that sits atop the Capitol in Austin is something of a mystery.

  • Protecting the Capitol from tourists by Mike Cox

    Cartoons by Roger T. Moore

  • Laughing Contest
  • 1882 Capitol Building
  • FIRST CAPITOL BUILDING
    "Austin became the capital of Texas Jan. 19, 1840, and this hill was platted as Capitol Square. A modest statehouse built here in the 1850s soon developed structural flaws. The Constitutional Convention of 1876 set aside 3,000,000 acres of public land to finance another building. This was authorized after the 1850s capitol burned on Nov. 9, 1881..." - from Historical Marker

  • Capitol No. 1 by Mike Cox
    The story of a civil engineer from San Antonio who earned less than the value of a good mule for designing a new capitol for Texas...
  • The Fire in the State Capitol by Mike Cox
  • Old Capitol during the funeral of Gov. Andrew Jackson Hamilton, April 12, 1875. He was a known Union sympathizer.
    Hamilton Pool in Austin is named after him.
    Courtesy Murray Montgomery Collection
    Original Capitol building as it appeared after it burned on Nov. 9, 1881.
    Courtesy Murray Montgomery Collection
    Texas State Capitol First Building - Austin Texas old photo
    First Texas State Capitol Building
    Courtesy Texas State Library And Archives
     1850s Texas State Capitol Model
    "This model of the 1850s Texas Capitol is sitting near the elevators at the base of the San Jacinto Monument."
    - Terry Jeanson, October 2010 photo
    Related Topics: Austin, Texas |
    Texas Buildings
    | Texas Vintage Photos | Texas


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