in a Pecan Shell
Comanche County was organized in 1856 and the following year 80 acres
overlooking the river were donated to be the seat of government. Initially
the name of Troy was submitted for a post office, but Bell
County had beat them to the name.
Miss Cora Beeman of Bell County became the namesake of the village,
being nominated for the honor by Thomas C. Frost, Comanche County
land agent. Her name was accepted and in 1857 Cora, Texas was officially
included on maps.
Shortly thereafter Hamilton County acquired some land from Comanche
County, redistributing Comanche County’s acreage and putting Cora
far from the geographic center of the county.
Comanche was created,
and officially became the county seat in 1859.
Meanwhile, back at Cora, the double whammy of Indian misbehavior and
loss of county seat status left the village with only 136 people for
the 1860 census.
Cora’s post office closed its doors in 1867 and by 1900 nothing was
left but a cemetery. A replica of Cora’s log courthouse is now a part
of the Comanche square.
Founded 1854, as
Troy. Later renamed in honor of a Miss Beeman of Bell County. In 1856
organization of Comanche County--then extending farther south and
east than today's boundaries--Cora became county seat. A log cabin
residence in Cora was the first Comanche County courthouse, serving
until the county seat was relocated in 1859 in new town of Comanche.
That first courthouse and all the other buildings are gone from site
of Old Cora. Only a cemetery--the oldest in Comanche County--remains.
Thus Cora is an example of the many early, important towns
no longer existent in Texas.
In the 254 counties of Texas,
there have been 126 cases of redesignation of county seats. (Two counties
have had five county seats each.) Boundary changes (as in Comanche
County), shifts in travel routes (as when railroads were built), changes
from agrarian to industrial economy have caused counties to move their
county seats to new locations. Old courthouses have found later usefulness
as ranch headquarters, municipal buildings, or private homes. The
first log cabin courthouse of Comanche County reverted to use as a
residence, but later was restored and used--as are many former courthouses--as
part of a museum.
Soon after the
creation of Comanche County in 1856, the town of Cora (10 mi. SE)
was platted to serve as the county seat. The courthouse in Cora, typical
of many early Texas
courthouses, was a 12' 7" x 12" 10", one-room, squared log structure.
It served the county until the seat of government was moved to Comanche
in 1859. The "Old Cora" Courthouse was incorporated into a house built
about 1880 and has been moved several times over the years. It stands
as a reminder of the now-extinct town of Cora and of early Texas
Texas Sesquicentennial 1836 - 1986
Subject: Cora, Comanche County, Texas
My great great grandfather was Francis Marion Collier (FM Collier)
and his son Thomas Anderson was the first white child to be born in
Comanche county after Frank built a log cabin for his wife Julia Grayson
to give birth in. Or at least that is what my father told me. I would
love to have more information about the town of Cora, like the exact
location and what happened for the town to die. Thanks, Elizabeth
Collier, March 25, 2013
in its purpose to preserve historic, endangered and vanishing Texas,
asks that anyone wishing to share their local history and vintage/historic
photos, please contact