masonic building in Caldwell|
Photo by John Troesser, 2001
in a Pecan Shell|
Caldwell was designated county seat in 1840
when the Texas Congress annexed all of Washington County north of Yegua Creek
to Milam County. The proposed town, surveyed by George B. Erath and named for
Mathew Caldwell, was laid out parallel to the Old San Antonio Road. Caldwell served
as the county seat of Milam County until Burleson County came into being in1846.
The town had a population of 300 prior to the Civil War and it's prosperity
was reflected in its brick courthouse. During Reconstruction, a company of State
Police was stationed in Caldwell. Postwar Caldwell had its own newspaper, bottling
works and an ice plant.
The Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway built
through in 1880 and in 1905 six passenger trains arrived daily.
tax supported public school was built in 1882.
Company E of the Texas
National Guard, was headquartered in Caldwell became part of the Thirty-sixth
Infantry Division. Many soldiers of this unit were captured at Salerno, Italy,
in 1943 and remained POWs until the war's end.
Caldwell, Texas AttractionsBurleson
County Czech Heritage Museum, corner of Shaw and Fawn Street, Caldwell Texas.
Kraitcher House Museum, East Buck Street, Caldwell Texas. Burleson
County Historical Museum, 100 West Buck (in court house building), Caldwell Texas.
Center Museum, 103 Presidential Corridor W., Caldwell Texas.
Somerville Area Museum, Hwy 36 and 8 Street, Somerville Texas.
Annual Kolache Festival
Second Saturday in September
the Square Downtown
Burleson County Chamber of Commerce
301 N. Main Street
Escapes, in its purpose to preserve historic, endangered and vanishing
Texas, asks that anyone wishing to share their local history and vintage/historic
photos, please contact