masonic building in Caldwell
TE Photo, 2001
More Texas Lodges
a Pecan Shell
Caldwell was designated
county seat in 1840 when the Texas Congress annexed all of Washington
County north of Yegua Creek to Milam County. The proposed town, surveyed
by George B. Erath and named for Mathew Caldwell, was laid out parallel
to the Old San Antonio Road. Caldwell served as the county seat of
Milam County until Burleson County came into being in1846.
The town had a population of 300 prior to the Civil War and it's prosperity
was reflected in its brick courthouse. During Reconstruction, a company
of State Police was stationed in Caldwell. Postwar Caldwell had its
own newspaper, bottling works and an ice plant.
The Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway built through in 1880 and
in 1905 six passenger trains arrived daily.
The first tax supported public school was built in 1882.
Company E of the Texas National Guard, was headquartered in Caldwell
became part of the Thirty-sixth Infantry Division. Many soldiers of
this unit were captured at Salerno, Italy, in 1943 and remained POWs
until the war's end.
Czech Heritage Museum, corner of Shaw and Fawn Street, Caldwell
House Museum, East Buck Street, Caldwell Texas.
Historical Museum, 100 West Buck (in court house building), Caldwell
Center Museum, 103 Presidential Corridor W., Caldwell Texas.
Area Museum, Hwy 36 and 8 Street, Somerville Texas.
The Annual Kolache Festival
Second Saturday in September
On the Square Downtown
Burleson County Chamber of Commerce
301 N. Main Street
in its purpose to preserve historic, endangered and vanishing Texas,
asks that anyone wishing to share their local history and vintage/historic
photos, please contact