TexasEscapes.com HOME Welcome to Texas Escapes
A magazine written by Texas
Custom Search
New   |   Texas Towns   |   Ghost Towns   |   Counties   |   Trips   |   Features   |   Columns   |   Architecture   |   Images   |   Archives   |   Site Map

Burleson County TX
Burleson County

Texas Towns
A - Z
Caldwell Hotels

More Hotels

CALDWELL, TEXAS

"Kolache Capital of Texas"

Burleson County Seat, Central Texas South

3031'43"N 9642'1"W (30.528580, -96.700350)
Highways 21 and 36
25 miles W of Bryan / College Station
50 miles NE of Bastrop
32 miles NW of Brenham
Population: 4,326 Est. (2016)
4,104 (2010) 3449 (2000) 3,181 (1990)

Book Hotel Here › Caldwell Hotels

Caldwell, Texas masonic lodge
The masonic building in Caldwell
TE Photo, 2001
More Texas Lodges
History in a Pecan Shell

Caldwell was designated county seat in 1840 when the Texas Congress annexed all of Washington County north of Yegua Creek to Milam County. The proposed town, surveyed by George B. Erath and named for Mathew Caldwell, was laid out parallel to the Old San Antonio Road. Caldwell served as the county seat of Milam County until Burleson County came into being in1846.

The town had a population of 300 prior to the Civil War and it's prosperity was reflected in its brick courthouse. During Reconstruction, a company of State Police was stationed in Caldwell. Postwar Caldwell had its own newspaper, bottling works and an ice plant.

The Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway built through in 1880 and in 1905 six passenger trains arrived daily.

The first tax supported public school was built in 1882.

Company E of the Texas National Guard, was headquartered in Caldwell became part of the Thirty-sixth Infantry Division. Many soldiers of this unit were captured at Salerno, Italy, in 1943 and remained POWs until the war's end.

See City of Caldwell Historical Marker
Caldwell TX  - Burleson County Courthouse
Photo courtesy Terry Jeanson, February 2010
Burleson County Courthouse
Caldwell TX PO Mural - Indians Moving close up

Photo courtesy Terry Jeanson, 2010

Caldwell Post Office Mural - "Indians Moving"
Historical Marker:

City of Caldwell

In 1840 the Republic of Texas Congress annexed to Milam County all of Washington County north of Yegua Creek and west of the Brazos River. The name Caldwell, which honored Mathew "Old Paint" Caldwell, a noted pioneer and a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence, was chosen for a settlement that would become the seat of a future county. Following a land title dispute, this site was selected for the proposed town. Located on the Old San Antonio Road, it had been settled earlier by Virginia native Lewis L. Chiles, a veteran of the Battle of San Jacinto who had operated a trading post on Davidson Creek.

George B. Erath platted the town of Caldwell in 1840. Streets running parallel to the Old San Antonio Road were named for native animals and intersecting streets were named for the commissioners who had selected the townsite.

When Burleson County was created six years later, Caldwell became the permanent seat of government. Incorporated in 1891, Caldwell developed as a major agricultural shipping center with the completion of area rail lines in 1890 and 1912. Since the 1840s the city has played a vital role in the region through its steady commercial growth and rich heritage.
(1892)

Caldwell, Texas Attractions
  • Burleson County Courthouse

  • Burleson County Czech Heritage Museum, corner of Shaw and Fawn Street, Caldwell Texas.

  • Kraitcher House Museum, East Buck Street, Caldwell Texas.

  • Burleson County Historical Museum, 100 West Buck (in court house building), Caldwell Texas.

  • Caldwell Visitors Center Museum, 103 Presidential Corridor W., Caldwell Texas.

  • Somerville Area Museum, Hwy 36 and 8 Street, Somerville Texas.

    The Annual Kolache Festival
    Second Saturday in September
    On the Square Downtown

    Nearby Destinations:
    Lake Somerville

    Burleson County Chamber of Commerce
    301 N. Main Street
    979-567-0000

  • Take a road trip
    Caldwell, Texas Nearby Towns:
    Bryan
    College Station
    See
    Burleson County | Central Texas South

    Book Hotel Here:
    Caldwell Hotels | More Hotels
    Texas Escapes, in its purpose to preserve historic, endangered and vanishing Texas, asks that anyone wishing to share their local history, stories, landmarks and vintage/historic photos, please contact us.

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     


    Texas Towns A - Z Texas Regions:
    Gulf Texas Gulf Coast East East Texas North Central Texas North Central Woutn Central Texas South Panhandle Texas Panhandle
    South South Texas Hill Texas Hill Country West West Texas Ghost Texas Ghost Towns counties Texas Counties

    Texas Escapes Online Magazine »   Archive Issues » Home »
    TEXAS TOWNS & COUNTIES TEXAS LANDMARKS & IMAGES TEXAS HISTORY & CULTURE TEXAS OUTDOORS MORE
    Texas Counties
    Texas Towns A-Z
    Texas Ghost Towns

    TEXAS REGIONS:
    Central Texas North
    Central Texas South
    Texas Gulf Coast
    Texas Panhandle
    Texas Hill Country
    East Texas
    South Texas
    West Texas

    Courthouses
    Jails
    Churches
    Schoolhouses
    Bridges
    Theaters
    Depots
    Rooms with a Past
    Monuments
    Statues

    Gas Stations
    Post Offices
    Museums
    Water Towers
    Grain Elevators
    Lodges
    Stores
    Banks

    Vintage Photos
    Historic Trees
    Cemeteries
    Old Neon
    Ghost Signs
    Signs
    Murals
    Gargoyles
    Pitted Dates
    Cornerstones
    Then & Now

    Columns: History/Opinion
    Texas History
    Small Town Sagas
    Black History
    WWII
    Texas Centennial
    Ghosts
    People
    Animals
    Food
    Music
    Art

    Books
    Texas Railroads

    Texas Trips
    Texas Drives
    Texas State Parks
    Texas Rivers
    Texas Lakes
    Texas Forts
    Texas Trails
    Texas Maps
    USA
    MEXICO
    HOTELS

    Site Map
    About Us
    Privacy Statement
    Disclaimer
    Contributors
    Staff
    Contact Us

     
    Website Content Copyright Texas Escapes LLC. All Rights Reserved