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ARCOLA, TEXAS

Fort Bend County, Texas Gulf Coast

2930'5"N 9527'50"W (29.501339, -95.463760)
Highway 6 and FM 521
20 Miles E of Richmond
Population: 2,202 Est. (2016)
1,642 (2010) 1,048 (2000) 666 (1990)

Book Hotel Here > Richmond/Rosenberg Hotels
Arcola Texas railroad tracks
Photo courtesy Ken Rudine, July 2007
History in a Pecan Shell

David Fitzgerald, one of the original Austin settlers known as the "Old Three Hundred" was granted land here in 1822. In the 1840s it was acquired by Jonathan Dawson Waters who made it one of the largest cotton and sugar plantations in Texas, naming it Arcola.

After the Civil War the Houston Tap Railroad arrived and with Walter's death, the land was sold to Colonel T. W. House of Houston. The community of Arcola was predominantly made up of former slaves of the Arcola Plantation.

Arcola had a post office granted in 1869 which closed and reopened before closing for good in 1920. The Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe railroad arrived in 1878 and by 1884 Arcola was thriving with two combination grist and cotton gins, several basic businesses and two segregated schools. By 1914 Arcola's population was a mere 50 with a single store. It grew to 120 by 1949 and in 2010 reached 1,642.

Arcola TX Fort Bend Co Town & Post Office info
Arcola TX Fort Bend Co 1875 Postmark
Cover canceled with Arcola TX 1875 Postmark
Courtesy The John J. Germann Collection
Arcola TX Fort Bend Co 1908 Postmark
Cover canceled with Arcola TX 1908 Postmark
Courtesy The John J. Germann Collection
TX  Fort Bend County 1907 Postal Map
Fort Bend County 1907 postal map showing Arcola and
nearby ghost towns Duke & Juliff (near Brazoria County line)
From Texas state map #2090

Courtesy Texas General Land Office
Related Topics:
Texas Black History
| Texas Railroads

Take a road trip

Arcola, Texas Nearby Towns & Cities:
Richmond | Rosenberg | Houston
See Fort Bend County | Texas Gulf Coast

Book Hotel Here:
Richmond/Rosenberg Hotels | More Hotels
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