County Seat, West
Highways 67 and 349
55 miles S of Midland
32 miles SE of Crane
28 miles W of Big
22 miles N of Iraan
Population: 800 (2,000) 1,011 (1990)
History in a Pecan Shell
Established in 1911, Rankin is the oldest town in Upton County.
after rancher F. E. Rankin, the town came into being when the former county seat
of Upland (10 miles North) was bypassed by the
Kansas City, Mexico and Orient Railway.
A post office was established
in 1912 and most of the population moved to town from Upland.
Rankin however did not officially become county seat until 1921.
the discovery of oil in the twenties, the population rose to an estimated 1,500
by 1928 and the town was incorporated that year.
The boom created funds
to expand Rankin's infrastructure and explains the presence of the over-sized
Yates Hotel (now the Rankin
The boom also funded a brick school, the
courthouse and a two-story office building.
Oil close to Rankin was
not found (at that time) and the population moved on to new fields. The population
declined to 935 by 1931 and declined further during the Great Depression.
By 1940 the population was a mere 672 but an oil discovery north of Rankin
came in building the town anew and bringing the population nearly up to what it
was during the first boom.
Rankin has retained a population between
1,000 and 1,500 from the 1950s through the 2000 census with oil, sheep and cattle
remaining the economic base.
Museum, former Yates
Hotel, south of the railroad tracks|
Recorded Texas Historic Landmark
Jeanson, February 2013
Abandoned bike and bathtub
in front of Yates Hotel. The
courthouse can be seen in the background above the bicycle seat.|
Jeanson, February 2013
Hotel & Rankin Beach by Mike Cox
It marked a rough time
in Rankinís history, when bootleg booze and black gold flowed with equal ease...
"At one time, as many as 10 hotels of sorts did a flourishing
business in Rankin, but the Harlan and Yates amounted to the Waldorf Astoria and
Ritz of the town once claiming a population of 10,000." ... more
Hotel Here > Midland
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