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    Odessa, Texas
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    ODESSA, TEXAS

    Ector County Seat, West Texas
    I-20, Hwy 385 and 302
    20 miles W of Midland
    60 miles W of Big Spring

    Population: 90,943 (2000)

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    Odessa Hotels

    Odessa Tx - Oil Field Wall Mural
    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, December 2009
    Odessa Texas Oil Field Mural

    Odessa, Texas - History in a Pecan Shell

    The name supposedly comes from railroad workers who claimed it reminded them of the Odessa region in the south of Russia. (See Naming of Odessa below.) The name did spring up at the same time the Texas and Pacific tracks were set down in July of 1881. Odessa got a post office in 1885 - a year before the town was platted. It was officially organized in 1891, but they didn't get around to incorporating until 1927.

    The population was only 750 in 1925, but after oil was discovered in 1926, the population shot up to 5,000 by 1929. During WWII the increased need for oil swelled the population to 10,000.
    Odessa Tx Post Office  Mural Stampede by Tom Lea, 1940
    Odessa Post Office Mural: "Stampede"

    Odessa, Texas Landmarks / Attractions

  • Ector County Courthouse next page
    The building constructed in 1964 is built around the 1938 courthouse.

  • Odessa Meteor Crater: I-20 (West) Exit FM 1936
  • Parker House Museum: 1118 Maple Street
  • Presidential Museum: 622 Lee Street
  • White-Pool House c.1887 112 E. Murphy Street
  • American Airpower Heritage Museum and Commemorative Air Force Headquarters: At Midland International Airport
  • Ector Theatre next page
  • Globe Theatre next page
  • The Jack Rabbit Statue - 802 N. Sam Houston next page
  • "Stampede" - Painted by Tom Lea for Odessa's 1940 Post Office, it was moved in 1970. The mural weighs 700 lbs. and measures 5' 7" by 16' 9". It currently hangs in the Post Office on 200 North Texas Avenue. next page
  • Odessa Oil Field Mural

    Odessa Hotels
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  • Odessa TX - Ector County Courthouse
    Photo courtesy Terry Jeanson
    Ector County Courthouse
    Odessa Tx - Globe Theatre Stage
    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, February 2010
    The Globe Theatre
    Odessa Tx - Ector Theater
    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, December 2009
    Ector Theater
    Jack Rabbit statue & historical markers, Odessa Texas
    Photo Courtesy Charlene Beatty Beauchamp
    The Jack Rabbit Statue and Historical Markers
    Odessa Tx - Oil Field Painted Mural showing derricks, pipes, and workers
    Odessa Texas Oil Field Mural detail
    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, December 2009
    Odessa Tx - Oil Field Painted Mural showing pipes, and workers
    Odessa Texas Oil Field Mural detail
    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, December 2009
    Odessa Tx - Oil Field Painted Mural showing workers
    Odessa Texas Oil Field Mural detail
    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, December 2009
    Odessa Tx - Oil Field Painted Mural showing workers
    Odessa Texas Oil Field Mural detail
    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, December 2009
    More Texas Murals
    Oil gusher, Odessa, Texas post card
    "'Black Gold'
    One of the many oil gushers of the rich Odessa oil fields"

    Postcard courtesy www.rootsweb.com/ %7Etxpstcrd/
    Odessa, Texas multiview old postcard
    Odessa postcard showing watertower, courthouse, airport, high school and gusher
    Postcard courtesy www.rootsweb.com/ %7Etxpstcrd/
    Ector County Towns and Ghost Towns include:
    Ector County Seat - Odessa
    Ector County Courthouse
  • Badger
  • Goldsmith
  • Judkins
  • Notrees
  • Penwell

    Distance from major cities:
    274 miles from El Paso
    347 miles from Dallas | 494 miles from Houston
    336 miles from San Antonio | 334 miles from Austin

    Odessa Tourist Information
    Odessa Chamber of Commerce - 1-800-780-4678
    Website: www.odessachamber.com

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  • Odessa Texas Forum

  • Subject: Naming of Odessa
    Dear TE, A previous writer convinced you to change the "History in a Pecan Shell" to read as follows: "The name supposedly comes from railroad workers who claimed it reminded them of the Odessa region in Ukraine." This statement is historically incorrect. Throughout the 19th century, Odessa was a city in the Russian Empire. In fact, territory which includes present-day Odessa was won in the Russo-Turkish War of 1787-1792 by Russian forces on September 25th, 1789 and Empress of Russia, Catherine the Great named Odessa - the city being built on top of the ruins of the Turkic fortress - on January 10, 1795. From its founding and until the Soviet revolution of 1917, Odessa was certainly not in Ukraine, which did not even exist independently at that point anyway. After the revolution there was much turbulence on the territory comprising present-day Ukraine and control of Odessa changed hands several times until on December 30th, 1922, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic officially joined the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. Odessa was included in this Ukrainian Republic, but this republic was not at all independent! On August 24th, 1991, Ukraine proclaimed independence and a constitution came five years after that. Thus, to claim that Odessa region was in Ukraine at anytime prior to 1917 is a mistake. Even asserting such claims for the time period between 1917 and 1996 is on very shaky grounds. After 1996, Odessa is certainly a city in Ukraine. Please consider revising your statement again to the following historically accurate one: "The name supposedly comes from railroad workers who claimed it reminded them of the Odessa region in the south of Russia." - Sincerely, Jake Berzon, Odessa Page newspaper, http://Odessa.OdessaPage.Com, May 18, 2007

  • Subject: The Name Odessa
    Quote from your site "The name supposedly comes from railroad workers who claimed it reminded them of the Odessa region in Ukraine. ..." In its turn the name of Ukrainian Odessa (established in 1794) has such a story: When the seaport was planned, Russian Empress Catherine II the Great said - it should be named in Hellenic style and feminine. While ancient Hellenic settlement Odessos situated nearby - its name was taken as the base and transformed into Odessa ("Odess" Hellenic part + "a" feminine end in Ukrainian and Russian) - the name of your Texas town and of my city - The Black Sea Pearl :) - Sincerely yours, Eugene, Odessa, Ukraine, August 09, 2005

  • Subject: Odessa Texas History
    Original Odessa is NOT in Russia!!!!!!! Original Odessa is a wonderful city on the Black Sea and belong to the UKRAINE, that is very principal. I would appreciate if you could change "Russia" on "Ukraine" in historical description of Odessa in Texas. Thank you in advance. - Yours Faithfully, S Preobrajensky, September 23, 2004

  • Subject: Post Office Mural
    Please try to include a picture of the mural in the Odessa post office. It's said to be the best of all the p.o. murals. I believe the name is "Stampede". - Larry Gaultney, October 19, 2005
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