Paso County, West Texas
31°38'29"N 106°16'29"W (31.641340, -106.274756)
On Southern Pacific Railroad & State Hwy 20
About 10 Miles SE of El Paso
Population: 33,116 (2017) 32,013 (2010) 27,152 (2000)
Book Hotel Here > El
in a Pecan Shell
revolt against the Spanish and their Indian charges by the New Mexican
Pueblo Indians created the need for a refuge. Arriving in El
in 1860, the refugees were provided with a more permanent home two
years later with the establishment of the Nuestra Señora de la Limpia
Concepción del Socorro Mission. Severe flooding destroyed the mission
in 1744 and again in 1829. The current incarnation was built in 1840,
five years before Texas Statehood. A community formed around the mission
with a population of over 1,000 residents. Due to a change in the
course of the river, the town was part of Mexico
until the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848.
Irrigated crops, vineyards and orchards provided the city of El
Paso with fruit, grain and wine, while provided cash to Socorro.
Soccoro, with its neighboring towns held an enviable position until
the arrival of the railroad in 1881.
The Elephant Butte Dam on the
Rio Grande was built in 1916 and forever changed the landscape, replacing
family-run farms with large scale cotton
operations. Prior to the collapse of cotton
prices in the mid 1920s, it was the major crop.
From 2,100 residents in the mid 1930s, Socorro dropped to a mere 350
in the early 1940s.
Beginning in the 1960s, developers built subdivisions here and the
population soared to 10,000 in the 1970s. By 1990 it had swelled to
over 22,000. The 2000 census gave a figure of over 27,000.
The town resisted attempts at being annexed by El
Paso by a wide margin of votes in the 1980s and is doing its best
to keep growth under control.
Statue of St.
To the left of
the altar inside the church stands the statue of St. Michael. A marker
outside the church states the following: "Legend has it that in 1845
(the same year in which Texas became part of the United States) the
statue was being transported from Mexico City to Santa Fe by carreta
(oxcart.) The carreta became mired in mud not far from here, and parishioners
took this as a sign that Saint Michael wanted Socorro to be his "home."
Mission Socorro has been his home to this date, and parishioners have
adopted Saint Michael as their patron." Terry
|Statue of St.
Michael in Mission Socorro
Photo courtesy Terry
|Dam at Elephant
Butte, on Rio Grande, near El Paso,
Postcard courtesy www.rootsweb.com/ %7Etxpstcrd/
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