in a Pecan Shell|
Named for the Mexía family, whose ownership
dates to 1833, things were pretty quiet in these parts until the railroad arrived.
Mexia was platted in 1870 by the Houston and Texas Central Townsite Company, a
sister company of the Houston and Texas Central Railroad. Lots went on sale in
1871 when the tracks between Hearne
and Groesbeck were still under contstruction.
A post office was granted in 1872, and Mexia was incorporated the following year.
By 1880 Mexia had a sizeable population of 1,800 with four schools and
three churches. By 1885 the population was up to 2,000 residents. The Trinity
and Brazos Valley Railway built through between 1904 and 1906 - connecting Hillsboro
and Houston, and making making Mexia
a railroad crossroads.
In 1912 a large natural gas deposit was discovered
by the Mexia Gas and Oil Company. Oil was discovered in 1920, creating an instant
boomtown that rivaled the boom in Ranger.
From just 3,482 people the population exploded to an estimated 35,000 in 1922,
causing martial law to be (briefly) declared.
After the initial boom,
the population decreased to a more manageable 10,000 by the mid-20s, but the onset
of the Great Depression forced people to leave Mexia to find greener pastures.
The population stabilized around 6,500 in the early 1930s, but the number of businesses
reported fell by one third. A German Prisoner of War Camp was built in Mexia in
1942. (See WWII) The population
was given as 6,618 in the early 1950s, not far from today's figure of just under
Steele - Last Texas survivor of the battle of San Jacinto|
Thank You to Mexia
Dear TE, Many Many years ago, I lived in Mexia, and have very fond memories of
how good and community-minded the people were. I now live in a big town in New
Jersey, and it is much different here. I am not a native, but my daughter is a
Mexia native. When I became ill one year, all the churches First United Methodist,
and the Presbyterian Church, and First Baptist Church all got together and made
suppers for me till I got better. These things never go forgotten. One day I will
take my daughter back to Mexia and show her the house she spent her first three
years. Thank you. - Judi Blau, New Jersey, November 29, 2006
Hotel Here > Mexia
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