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AMPHION, TEXAS


Texas Ghost Town
Atascosa County, South Texas

28 59' 55" N, 98 38' 8" W (28.998611, -98.635556)

(Just E of) Ranch Road 2146
NW of Jourdanton the county seat
9 Miles NW of Pleasanton
6 Miles SW of Poteet
Population: 26 (2000)

Amphion, Texas Area Hotels › Jourdanton Hotels

Amphion TX  - Amphion Cemetery TX
Amphion Cemetery
Terry Jeanson, May 2007

History in a Pecan Shell

The listing for Amphion in the Handbook of Texas states that "Some have claimed that Amphion was the first county seat [of Atascosa County]. A replica of the county's 1856 courthouse now occupies a place across the street from the current Atascosa County courthouse in Jourdanton.

Although a post office was opened in 1881 (closed 1916), no one seems to remember the origin of the town's name. The town had two cotton gins and a store by 1887 and by the mid 1890s, the number of residents was around 100 and town businesses included a hotel. Amphion had both a school and Masonic lodge prior to 1900. The school had 72 students taught by two teachers by 1904 and Amphion's future looked rosy. But when the Artesian Belt Railroad bypassed the town in 1909, the writing was on the wall. The population remained at 100 for a few years, but as businesses moved to Jourdanton, the decline became evident. Enrollement shrank and the town settled into a long decline. The town managed to keep the school open through the Great Depression but after WWII and school consolidation, Amphion was labeled a ghost town by the mid-1950s.

Amphion and Amphion Cemetery Texas historical marker
Amphion and Amphion Cemetery historical marker
Photo courtesy Terry Jeanson, May 2007
More Texas Cemeteries

Historical Marker:

Amphion and Amphion Cemetery

Amphion traces its beginning to the establishment of Atascosa County's first courthouse which is believed to have been constructed near this site at the county seat of Navatasco in 1857. Amphion, thought to have been named after a figure in Greek mythology, was located within the 17,000-acre ranch of Jose Antonio Navarro, a prominent local rancher and signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence.

Amphion was at one time a thriving community with several general stores, a hotel, post office, blacksmith shop, cotton gin, tannery, churches, fraternal lodges and a school. Amphion Cemetery was established about 1870 at this site on land donated by Roy Jenkins and Frank Lozano. Although the earliest recorded gravesite is that of Laura Underwood (d.1891) there is a gravestone with the year 1800 inscribed on its surface that local tradition claims marks the grave of a young boy killed by indians. This cemetery contains the graves of at least two veterans of the American Civil War.

When railroad lines were built through Atascosa County in 1907 and 1927 along routes that bypassed Amphion, business activity declined and the community eventually dissolved. Virtually all that remains of the former town of Amphion is this cemetery.



Although there is no cemetery marked Amphion on the Atascosa County map, the name Amphion appears surrounded by four nearby cemeteries (Rodriquez, Alvarado, Herrera and Willborn).

Amphion  Texas 1856 Atascosa County log courthouse replica
A replica of the first Atascosa County Courthouse
(1856 at Amphion) in Jourdanton today.

Photo Courtesy Terry Jeanson, October 2004


Atascosa County TX 1920s Map
Atascosa County 1920s Map showing Amphion (NW of Jourdanton)
From Texas state map #10749
Courtesy Texas General Land Office



Take a road trip

South Texas

Amphion, Texas Nearby Towns:
Jourdanton the county seat
Pleasanton
Poteet
See Atascosa County

Book Hotel Here:
Jourdanton Hotels | Pleasanton Hotels | More Hotels

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