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Reagan  County TX
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Reagan County, West Texas

31 13' 30" N, 101 41' 22" W (31.225, -101.689444)

US 67 and FM 1675
13 miles W of Big Lake the county seat
85 miles W of San Angelo
Population: 12 (2000)

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Texon oil field near Best, Texas
Texon oil field
Click on image to enlarge

Photo courtesy Brian R. Jack

Texon is located about 3 /10 mile south of Hwy 67 on FM 1657. Here you'll see a derrick and the well-preserved remains of Santa Rita #1, the well that brought in the huge Big Lake Oilfield. Historical marker provides details.

There are two "ghost towns" in Reagan County. Texon has the greater population. The other is Stiles, with only the ruins of the torched former courthouse (Christmas Eve 1999).

Texon was a planned community that at one time had a population of over 1000. The Big Lake Oil Company was sole owner of the property. Sidewalks, street signs and mailboxes with two or three wooden structures are all that remain. Two homes appear to be occupied and strangely enough, as if anticipating a rebirth, the street signs are new reflective ones, in some cases standing alongside the old wooden ones that they're replacing. The postal service has also installed a new mailbox looking out of place among the five-foot tall weeds.

It's obvious that there is recent activity with the wells. Hoses and wires follow the grid of the former yards where deer and jackrabbits now graze undisturbed and unfrightened by visitors. The abundance of these creatures along with roadrunners, makes Texon a good spot for observing wildlife. Texon is one of the featured ghost towns in T. Lindsay Baker's Ghost Towns of Texas.

© John Troesser

Historical Marker:

Town of Texon

Early travelers along many historic trails in this area found the region arid and inhospitable. Given (1876) to the University of Texas, the lands around this marker were leased to cattlemen. The Kansas City, Mexico & Orient Railroad built its line here in 1911, but did little local hauling. Development came after Frank Pickrell and Haymon Krupp of Texon Oil and Land Company drilled for oil. Their driller, Carl Cromwell, brought in Santa Rita No. 1, the first gusher in the Permian Basin, on May 28, 1923.

Texon, first company town in the Permian Basin, was founded in 1924 by Big Lake Oil Company. Levi Smith, president of the firm, planned and supervised building of the town, and Ted Williams served as city manager for the company. Texon had stores, shops, a school, a physician, a dentist, a hospital, a theater, a park, a well-known baseball team, and many facilities for recreation. The post office opened in 1926. As many as 2,000 people lived here -- boosters claimed up to 10,000 -- manning the drilling, a gasoline plant, an oil treating plant, and other operations. Plymouth Oil Company absorbed Big Lake Oil Company, then sold out to Marathon Oil Company. The company town was closed in 1962.

Texon, TX, Reagan County Santa Rita Rig No1
Santa Rita No. 1
Photo courtesy Dustin Martin, January 2018

Historical Marker:

Santa Rita No. 1

Discovery well for Big Lake oil field. First gusher in Permian Basin; first University of Texas producer. On land once thought almost worthless. Fruit of the faith of Big Lake lawyer Rupert Ricker. Though in 1919 no oil had been found within 100 miles, Ricker got leases on 431,360 acres of University of Texas land in Crockett, Irion, Reagan and Upton counties. Soon working with him were P. G. Stokes, Big Spring; Frank Pickrell and Haymon Krupp, El Paso; and others. Their wildcat well, 1/2 mile south of this site, on Ollie Parker's Ranch, was drilled by Carl Cromwell. Dee Locklin was tool dresser. Slow and hard drilling made crew name well for Santa Rita, Patronness of the Impossible. 4 years, 2 months and a day after permit was filled, and at 3,055 feet, well pressure tossed the rig's bucket high into the air. Santa Rita was a producer, the date was May 28, 1923. This day the Permian Basin, since acclaimed one of the greatest oil regions in the world, had its first big find. Other spectacular fields were to follow. Multi-millions in royalty dollars have since made the University of Texas one of the world's most heavily endowed schools. Original rig that brought in Santa Rita now is on the university campus.

Texon, TX, Reagan County Santa Rita Rig No1
Santa Rita No. 1
Photo courtesy Dustin Martin, January 2018

Texon, TX, Reagan County Santa Rita Rig No1
Santa Rita No. 1
Photo courtesy Dustin Martin, January 2018

Texon, TX, Reagan County Santa Rita Rig No1 Plaque
Santa Rita No. 1 Plaque - The Events
Photo courtesy Dustin Martin, January 2018

Texon, TX, Reagan County Santa Rita Rig No1 Plaque
Santa Rita No. 1 Plaque - The People
Photo courtesy Dustin Martin, January 2018

Texon, Texas - Santa Rita #1
Santa Rita No. 1
Photo courtesy AnnaMarie Adams, April 2011

Texon, Texas - oil well Santa Rita #1

Santa Rita No. 1
TE photo, September 2000

Texon Post Office


A house in Texon Texas
A house in the old residential area
"The front half of the building was the Post Office."

TE photo, September 2000

"In viewing forum, I noticed that the last comment entered was from my father, Ronnie Delz regarding the Texon Post Office and my grandmother. I've recently been going through old photo albums and came across these pictures and wanted to share them. I can definitely relate to the comments and how Texon can have such an impact on you. For me though, it was a completely different experience given the generational gap, but still just as special. If you'll notice the flag flying overhead, many, many times I helped my grandmother take the flag down and that experience is how I learned how to properly fold the US flag! Thank you for letting me share this piece of my family's Texon history." - Tracy Gray, August 20, 2018

Texon TX post office old photo
Texon post office
Photo courtesy Tracy Gray

Texon TX post office old photo
Texon post office
Photo courtesy Tracy Gray

Texon, Reagan County TX  post office into
Texon, Reagan County TX  1958 postmark
Cover canceled with Texon, TX 1958 postmark
Courtesy The John J. Germann Collection

More Texas Post Offices

Texon, Texas Chronicles
The Long Gone Texon Oilers by Clay Coppedge

"In 1923 a former scout and lease man for the Standard Oil Company named Levi Smith became president of the newly formed Big Lake Oil Company and helped oversee development of the Big Lake oilfield in west Texas, which included the Santa Rita No. 1 well owned by the University of Texas. Big Lake blossomed into a going enterprise with some 1,200 employees, enough for Smith to build his own town and name it Texon in honor of the Texon Oil and Land Company, driller of the fabled Santa Rita No. 1...." read full artice

Santa Rita No. 1 and the Inevitable by Clay Coppedge

Texon TX - Log cabin
Log cabin in Texon?
Photo courtesy AnnaMarie Adams, April 2011

Texon TX - Log cabin
Photo courtesy AnnaMarie Adams, April 2011

Texon TX - Log cabin interior
Photo courtesy AnnaMarie Adams, April 2011

Texon, Texas Forum
  • Subject: Growing up in Texon

    I was born in Texon, Texas in 1942. We lived there until 1957 when we moved to Iraan, Texas. We lived in two separate houses during that time including the old nurses quarters which was behind the hospital (which they moved away) where I was born. The town was a viable village with a cafe, drug store, grocery and dry goods store. The post office during my time was behind the drug store. We even had a beauty and barber shop. Our school went to the sixth grade with two grades in one room taught by the same teacher. After the sixth grade we went to Big Lake, Texas to school on a school bus. Everyone knew everyone and as a child I would wander around the town and every mother watched over for us.

    When they started closing the oil field we were sent out in all directions for our fathers to remain with the oil company. It was very up heaving for me because I was separated from my friends with whom I had grown up and were like family to me. Texon was a really wonderful place to grow up and I believe gave a foundation to the many lives who lived there and knew it as home. - Francine Salyer Zannidachis, January 24, 2017

  • Subject: Texon & Oil field

    I was born Aug. 25 1944 in the company hospital in Texon. We lived there until 1958, my father got transferred to Andrews, TX. I have many good memories when I lived there. I will always remember the smell of the oil field. The old house that became the post office, we lived in for a short period of time in 1957&58. - James Potter, November 29, 2016

  • Subject: Oil field & Texon in the 50s

    I found your web site on Texas ghost towns and read the comments on Texon, Texas. I am 64 years old and back in the '50's I spent time in Texon with my grandparents when I was around 5 or 6 years old! I have a lot of wonderful memories from that time. My grandfather, Charley O. Fowler worked for Marathon Oil Company and their house sat across the road from the oilfield. I remember asking my grandmother one night what the fire across from the house was and she told me it was on one of the wells. I became very accustomed to the smell of the oil! Every year for many years Texon held a "reunion" for residents and former residents of Texon. It was a grand time! My grandparents' house was sold to someone in San Angelo, Texas and placed out at Lake Nasworthy. I miss those good old days. There's nothing there anymore. I wish the town and the oil business there had lasted. I miss it. - Janis Potter, September 20, 2012

  • Subject: Born & raised in Texon

    I was born and raised in Texon. The old building pictured with the mailboxes in front was actually the Post Office for many years. It was owned by my parents and leased by the Postal Service. The front half of the building was the Post Office. My Mother, Bertha Delz, was the postmaster for many years and retired there. - Ronnie Delz, April 03, 2008

  • Reagan County TX 1940s map
    Reagan County 1940s map showing Big Lake, Texon (near Upton County line), ghost towns Best and Stiles
    From Texas state map #4335
    Courtesy Texas General Land Office

    Take a road trip

    West Texas

    Texon, Texas Nearby Destinations:
    Big Lake the county seat
    Sterling City | Midland | Big Spring | Ozona |
    San Angelo | Fort Stockton
    See Reagan County

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    Big Lake Hotels
    Midland Hotels | Fort Stockton Hotels | San Angelo Hotels
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