TexasEscapes.com HOME Welcome to Texas Escapes
A magazine written by Texas
 
New   |   Texas Towns   |   Ghost Towns   |   Counties   |   Trips   |   Features   |   Columns   |   Architecture   |   Images   |   Archives   |   Site Map

 TX Parmer County location
Parmer County

Hereford Hotels


BOVINA, TEXAS
AKA Bull Town, Texas

Parmer County, Texas Panhandle

34 30' 49" N, 102 52' 59" W (34.513611, -102.883056)
US 60
11 miles NE of Farwell
36 miles SW of Hereford
82 miles SW of Amarillo
98 miles NW of Lubbock
18 miles NE of Clovis, New Mexico
Population: 1,777 Est. (2016)
1,868 (2010) 1874 (2000) 1,549 (1990)

Bovina, Texas Area Hotels > Hereford Hotels
Parmer County TX - Bovina Bull Sculpture
Photo Courtesy Rick Vanderpool, 2010
See Texas Statues & Monuments

History in a Pecan Shell

Bovina's history is encapsulated in the Historical Marker erected in 1968 on US 60 next to large bull sculpture.

Marker Text:
Early in the 20th century, this was one of largest cattle shipping points in the United States.

Originated as the Hay Hook Line Camp of the XIT -- famed ranch that received over 3,000 acres of land in payment for building Texas State Capitol, 1882-1888. One of the earliest structures in Parmer County, division number eight headquarters of XIT, stood 400 yards northeast of site of this marker. The shipping pasture, 640 acres in area, was 1 mile east. The Pecos & Northern Texas Railroad built to this point in 1898, and cattle for eastern markets were loaded here. Train crews called the place "Bull Town", but the community chose the name "Bovina" when establishing the post office in 1899.

This was the first post office in Parmer County, created 1876, named for Martin Parmer (1778-1850), patriot and signer of Texas Declaration of Independence. Although known to explorers early as 18th century, county had few inhabitants before 1907, when it was organized, with Bovina one of its leading towns. By 1915, Bovina had 200 people, 2 churches, a bank, a school, and a hotel for prospective settlers. It is now market and supply center for rich area of irrigated farms, and still produces fine cattle. (1968)

A Visit to Bovina, Texas

Bovina Tx street scene
Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, December 2008
Bovina Tx cemetery entrance
Bovina Cemetery
Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, December 2008
Bovina Tx Cemetery
Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, December 2008
Bovina Cemetery, Texas historical marker
Photos courtesy Barclay Gibson, December 2008
More Texas Cemeteries
Historical Marker:

Bovina Cemetery

Prior to the founding of the city of Bovina, the XIT Ranch located its southern headquarters in this vicinity. The Pecos and Northern Texas Railway built through the ranch in 1898, and the settlement became known as Bull Town because of cattle frequently found on the tracks. A community developed around the railhead, and in January 1899 the official post office name became Bovina. Due to a boom in cattle shipping, the town's population began to grow after the turn of the 20th century. Since then, the city has owned this cemetery, which was maintained for a time by the Bovina Cemetery Association.

The XIT Ranch initially used this site for burials of cowboys. Oral tradition holds that several gravemarkers initially bore only common names of the cowboys, such as Dusty and Big Jim. It is believed there were approximately 40 such graves, but all are now unmarked. The earliest marked grave is that of J.W. McDonald (d. 1907). Bovina Cemetery is the final resting place of veterans of military conflicts dating to World War I, as well as generations of area residents.
Historic Texas Cemetery - 2004
Welcome  to Bovina
Welcome to Bovina - Home of the Mustangs and Fillies
Photos courtesy Barclay Gibson, December 2008
Bovina Texas old sign
Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, December 2008
Bovina Tx ghost sign
Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, December 2008
More Texas Signs | Texas Old Neon
Bovina Tx grain elevators
Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, December 2008
More Grain Elevators

Related Article

Bull Town
Cartoon by Roger T. Moore

Take a road trip

Bovina, Texas Nearby Towns:
Farwell | Hereford | Amarillo | Lubbock
See Parmer County | Texas Panhandle

Book Hotel Here:
Hereford Hotels | Amarillo Hotels | Lubbock Hotels | More Hotels
Texas Escapes, in its purpose to preserve historic, endangered and vanishing Texas, asks that anyone wishing to share their local history and vintage/historic photos, please contact us.


Texas Towns A - Z Texas Regions:
Gulf Texas Gulf Coast East East Texas North Central Texas North Central Woutn Central Texas South Panhandle Texas Panhandle
South South Texas Hill Texas Hill Country West West Texas Ghost Texas Ghost Towns counties Texas Counties

Texas Escapes Online Magazine »   Archive Issues » Go to Home Page »
TEXAS TOWNS & COUNTIES TEXAS LANDMARKS & IMAGES TEXAS HISTORY & CULTURE TEXAS OUTDOORS MORE
Texas Counties
Texas Towns A-Z
Texas Ghost Towns

TEXAS REGIONS:
Central Texas North
Central Texas South
Texas Gulf Coast
Texas Panhandle
Texas Hill Country
East Texas
South Texas
West Texas

Courthouses
Jails
Churches
Schoolhouses
Bridges
Theaters
Depots
Rooms with a Past
Monuments
Statues

Gas Stations
Post Offices
Museums
Water Towers
Grain Elevators
Lodges
Stores
Banks

Vintage Photos
Historic Trees
Cemeteries
Old Neon
Ghost Signs
Signs
Murals
Gargoyles
Pitted Dates
Cornerstones
Then & Now

Columns: History/Opinion
Texas History
Small Town Sagas
Black History
WWII
Texas Centennial
Ghosts
People
Animals
Food
Music
Art

Books
Texas Railroads

Texas Trips
Texas Drives
Texas State Parks
Texas Rivers
Texas Lakes
Texas Forts
Texas Trails
Texas Maps
USA
MEXICO
HOTELS

Site Map
About Us
Privacy Statement
Disclaimer
Contributors
Staff
Contact Us

 
Website Content Copyright Texas Escapes LLC. All Rights Reserved