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BOVINA, TEXAS
AKA Bull Town, Texas

Parmer County, Texas Panhandle
US 60
11 miles NE of Farwell
36 miles SW of Hereford
82 miles SW of Amarillo
98 miles NW of Lubbock
18 miles NE of Clovis, New Mexico
Population: 1,891(2010) 1874(2000)

Bovina, Texas Area Hotels > Hereford Hotels
Parmer County TX - Bovina Bull Sculpture
Photo Courtesy Rick Vanderpool, 2010
See Texas Statues & Monuments

History in a Pecan Shell

Bovina's history is encapsulated in the Historical Marker erected in 1968 on US 60 next to large bull sculpture.

Marker Text: Early in the 20th century, this was one of largest cattle shipping points in the United States.

Originated as the Hay Hook Line Camp of the XIT -- famed ranch that received over 3,000 acres of land in payment for building Texas State Capitol, 1882-1888. One of the earliest structures in Parmer County, division number eight headquarters of XIT, stood 400 yards northeast of site of this marker. The shipping pasture, 640 acres in area, was 1 mile east. The Pecos & Northern Texas Railroad built to this point in 1898, and cattle for eastern markets were loaded here. Train crews called the place "Bull Town", but the community chose the name "Bovina" when establishing the post office in 1899.

This was the first post office in Parmer County, created 1876, named for Martin Parmer (1778-1850), patriot and signer of Texas Declaration of Independence. Although known to explorers early as 18th century, county had few inhabitants before 1907, when it was organized, with Bovina one of its leading towns. By 1915, Bovina had 200 people, 2 churches, a bank, a school, and a hotel for prospective settlers. It is now market and supply center for rich area of irrigated farms, and still produces fine cattle. (1968)
- Gary E. McKee

A Visit to Bovina, Texas

Bovina Tx street scene
Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, December 2008
Bovina Tx grain elevators
Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, December 2008
More Grain Elevators | Texas Towns
Bovina Tx cemetery entrance
Bovina Cemetery
Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, December 2008
Bovina Tx Cemetery
Bovina Cemetery, Texas historical marker
Photos courtesy Barclay Gibson, December 2008
More Texas Cemeteries | Texas Towns
Historical Marker Text

Bovina Cemetery

Prior to the founding of the city of Bovina, the XIT Ranch located its southern headquarters in this vicinity. The Pecos and Northern Texas Railway built through the ranch in 1898, and the settlement became known as Bull Town because of cattle frequently found on the tracks. A community developed around the railhead, and in January 1899 the official post office name became Bovina. Due to a boom in cattle shipping, the town's population began to grow after the turn of the 20th century. Since then, the city has owned this cemetery, which was maintained for a time by the Bovina Cemetery Association.

The XIT Ranch initially used this site for burials of cowboys. Oral tradition holds that several gravemarkers initially bore only common names of the cowboys, such as Dusty and Big Jim. It is believed there were approximately 40 such graves, but all are now unmarked. The earliest marked grave is that of J.W. McDonald (d. 1907). Bovina Cemetery is the final resting place of veterans of military conflicts dating to World War I, as well as generations of area residents.

Historic Texas Cemetery - 2004
Welcome  to Bovina
Welcome to Bovina - Home of the Mustangs and Fillies
Photos courtesy Barclay Gibson, December 2008
More Texas Signs | Texas Towns
Bovina Texas old sign
Bovina Tx ghost sign
Above photos courtesy Barclay Gibson, December 2008
Related Article

Bull Town
Cartoon by Roger T. Moore
Bovina, Texas Area Destinations:
Farwell
Hereford
Amarillo
Lubbock
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