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 Texas : Towns A-Z / East Texas : Texarkana

TEXARKANA, USA

On the Arkansas / Texas State Line
Home of Texarkana Community College and Texas A&M U, Texarkana.

Bowie County, East Texas / Miller County, Arkansas
I-30 and Hwys 59, 67, 71, and 82
116 miles NE of Tyler
178 miles E of Dallas
795 miles E of El Paso
West of Little Rock, Arkansas

Population: 31,656 (Texas side) 120,000 combined (1992)

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Texarkana Hotels

Texarkana - US Post Office and Courthouse
Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, 2010
U.S. Post Office and Courthouse >

Texarkana Topics of Interest:

History in a Pecan Shell >
Texarkana Lankmarks & Attractions
>

  • Texarkana Monuments & Statues
  • U.S. Post Office and Courthouse next page
  • The Perot Theatre, Formerly The Saenger Theatre next page
  • Texarkana Churches next page
  • Texarkana Union Station next page
  • McCartney Hotel next page
  • McCartney Hotel - A Look Inside Texarkana's Ten-Story Ghost next page
  • Hotel Grim next page
  • Texarkana Signage next page
  • State Line Avenue next page
  • Texarkana Architecture next page
  • Earl-Rochelle House next page
  • Scott Joplin Mural
  • James Bowie
    Monuments & Statues:

    James Bowie Centennial Statue >

    Confederate Mothers Monument >
    Confederate Mothers Monument
    Otis Henry Memorial.


    The Otis Henry Memorial >
    Rose Hill Cemetery

    World War I Memorial >

    History in a Pecan Shell

    Texarkana is comprised of two separate municipalities, with separate mayors and two sets of city officials. Fire departments, restaurant inspection, and sewage departments cooperate.

    The name is a composite of Texas, Louisiana and Arkansas, although the Louisiana line is some 30 miles south.

    The three most popular legends concerning the origin of the name are :
    1. After a steamboat on the Red River that had been using the name circa 1860.
    2. A product called Texarkana Bitters that was manufactured in Northern Louisiana.
    3. The name was coined by a railroad surveyor who was so proud of his brainchild that he erected a sign.

    Pre-Columbian settlement of the area reveals a heavy population. Within a thirty-mile radius of of Texarkana there are said to be seventy Caddo Indian mounds.

    Modern times began with the town being established in late 1873 - the same day the first business opened. Real development began when the Texas and Pacific Railroad (running East to West) met the Cairo and Fulton Railroad (running North to South). The T & P took the responsibility of platting much of downtown.

    The state legislature granted the city a charter in 1876.

    State Line Avenue was laid out along the line between the two states. At first the post office was on the Arkansas side, but when Texas residents wanted one of their own, it was built and for awhile there were two separate facilities. The name was officially changed to Texarkana, Arkansas-Texas and eventually postmarks bore the imprint of Texarkana, U.S.A. The Federal Building consisting of a courthouse and post office has the distinction of being the only Federal building situated in two states. It has, for years been the subject of postcards and even today a photographer's island is provided for tourists.

    The Texas side of Texarkana had a population of 11,480 by 1925. The Texas side of the city has historically held the larger population. The railroads were historically the major employers of the area.

    Texarkana's most famous son was Ragtime composer Scott Joplin.

    Where to Stay > Texarkana Hotels

    Texarkana Lankmarks & Attractions

    Texarkana - Perot Theatre, Formerly The Saenger Theatre
    Photo courtesy Gerald Massey, 2010
    The Perot Theatre,
    Formerly The Saenger Theatre
    >
    National Register of Historic Places
    Recorded Texas Historic Landmark
    Texarkana TX - Age Of Clubs House Museum
    Photo courtesy Gerald Massey, 2010
    Ace of Clubs House Museum
    1885 Italianate-Victorian house. Period furnishings.
    420 Pine Street. Admission. 903-793-4831
    Texarkana Tx - Texarkana Historical Society and Museum
    Photo courtesy Gerald Massey, 2010
    Texarkana Historical Society and Museum
    219, State Line Avenue
    First (1879) brick building in Texarkana
    Texarkana TX - Old US Courthouse, Regional Arts Center
    Photo courtesy Gerald Massey, 2010
    Regional Arts Center
    In the former US District Courthouse, circa 1909.
    Fourth St. & Texas Blvd. Downtown.
    903-792-8681
    More Texas Museums
    Texarkana Tx - St. James Episcopal Church
    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, 2010
    Texarkana Churches >
    Texarkana AK-TX -Union Station architectural details
    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, 2009
    Texarkana Union Station >
    Texarkana Tx - Scott Joplin Mural
    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, 2010
    Scott Joplin Mural
    Downtown. Third & Main Sts.
    Texarkana's most famous son was Ragtime composer Scott Joplin.
    Texarkana Tx - Scott Joplin Mural
    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, 2010
    Texarkana - McCartney Hotel Across From Depot
    Photo courtesy Gerald Massey, June 2010
    Texarkana's McCartney Hotel
    By James Ramsey

    A Look Inside Texarkana's Ten-Story Ghost
    By Ken Rudine
    Interior of the McCartney Hotel
    Texarkana Tx - Hotel Grim Sign
    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, April 2009
    Hotel Grim >
    Texarkana TX signage
    Photo courtesy Gerald Massey, 2010
    Texarkana Signage >
    Ghost signs, Old neon...
    Texarkana Downtown State Line Street Scene
    Photo courtesy Gerald Massey, 2010
    State Line Avenue >
    Contemporary and Vintage Photos
    Texarkana Tx - Triangle Building
    Photo courtesy Barclay Gibson, 2010
    Texarkana Architecture >
    Texarkana - Earl-Rochelle House
    Photo courtesy Gerald Massey, 2010
    Earl-Rochelle House
    Recorded Texas Historic Landmark
    Photo courtesy Gerald Massey, 2010
    Texarkana Kansas City Southern Railroad Bridge
    Red River
    More Texas Bridges | Texas Rivers
    More Texarkana Attractions
  • The Discovery Place - Displays geared for children. 215 Pine Street. Admission. 903-793-4831.
  • Oaklawn Opry - Country/Western music. 903-838-3333
  • Texarkana Fun Park - 3 miles north of I-30 on North State Line Rd.
  • Wright Patman Lake

    Where to Stay > Texarkana Hotels
    Texarkana Tourists Information
    Texas Travel Information Center
    On I-30 west of US 59.
    Operated by Texas Department of Transportation

    Texarkana Chamber of Commerce
    819 State Line Ave.
    P.O. Box 1468, Texarkana, TX 75504
    Phone (903) 792-7191
    http://www.texarkana.org/
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