Seat, East Texas
32° 33' 0" N, 94° 22' 0" W (32.55, -94.366667)
I-20 and Hwy 59
16 miles S of Jefferson
76 miles N of Nacogdoches
23 miles E of Longview
51 miles E of Tyler
148 miles E of Dallas
on Hwy 80 & 59
39 miles W of Shreveport, Louisiana
Population: 23,523 (2010) 23,935 (2000) 23,682 (1990)
Marshall was always prosperous and its contributions to the Confederacy
were substantial. During the war, Confederates in Missouri sent "their"
government people and some state archives to Marshall, making the
town the Confederate
Capital of Missouri. Missouri never officially left the Union,
but it gives us something to talk about today. The building was long
ago razed, but the address was 402 South Bolivar Street.
Two years after Harrison
County was created by the Republic of Texas Congress in 1839,
landowner Peter Whetstone offered property for a courthouse, a church,
and a school in an effort to persuade county officials to locate the
seat of government in the new town formed on his land. Isaac Van Zandt,
the local representative to the Republic Congress, named the new community
Marshall in honor of U. S. Chief Justice John Marshall.
By 1850 it had become one of the wealthiest towns in East
Texas, with a population of about 2,000 and a number of cultural,
religious, and civic organizations. An important Confederate stronghold
during the Civil War, Marshall was home to the wartime capital of
Missouri and the postal headquarters of the South's Trans-Mississippi
Department. Following the war, it was the site of an office of the
Freedmen's Bureau. After the Texas and Pacific Railway located its
division point, shops, and offices here in the 1870s, Marshall became
a major regional marketing and educational center. Colleges located
here included Marshall University, Marshall Masonic Female Institute,
Wiley College, Bishop College, and East Texas Baptist College (later
East Texas Baptist University).
Attractions & Landmarks
Starr Family State Historic Site
Starr Family Mansion" by Archie P. McDonald, PhD
The given name to the mansion was "Maplecroft".
National Historic District
A three square block area next to the recently restored
T & P Railroad Depot.
The Ginnocchio Hotel (circa 1896) gives the district its name, although
it includes many other fine examples of Victorian architecture.
FM 31 - 21/2 miles SW of Town - 903-938-9201
include The Lale Trail, a tour of historic Marshall homes and The
Stagecoach Trace which is a tour of Harrison County.
Powdermill and Old Marshall.
Book Hotel - Marshall
The Old Paramount
TE Photo, 2000
Days" Celebration -
The third weekend in May Marshall celebrates it's
past and the Old Stagecoach road is remembered. The stage ran from
Karnack to Marshall. Contact the Chamber of Commerce: 903-935-7868
of Lights -
Thanksgiving to New Year's Day
Marshall is famous for the elaborate lighting of their courthouse.
Call 903-935-7868 for information.
Trail of Lights -
A Christmas Treat. Stops includes Marshall, Jefferson
in East Texas and Natchitoches and Shreveport in Louisiana.
the Fire Ant by Michael Barr
Fire Ant Festival "Moore Texas Cartoon"
Hotel - Marshall
Civil War Journal
by Bob Bowman
In early 1861, W.W. Heartsill of Marshall, Texas,
marched off to war with W.P. Lane’s Rangers of the Confederate Army.
During the four years, one month and one day that he spent at war,
Heartsill managed to keep a diary of each day...
Harper Starr by Archie P. McDonald
by Chance - Edward Clark by Archie P. McDonald
Time Judge Thomas Whitfield Davidson by Archie P. McDonald
Texas Bapist University by Archie P. McDonald
by Mike Cox
"... On Feb. 14, 1854, the Texas and Red River
Telegraph Co. opened for business in Marshall, the first city in
the state to have some semblance of the instant communication now
taken for granted in the age of Blackberries and Ipods. This first
telegraph line connected Marshall with New Orleans via Shreveport,
Alexandria, La., and Natchez, Miss. From New Orleans, messages could
be transmitted to other major American cities...."
straight to hell.” by Bob Bowman
Sam B. Hall, Jr., the son of an East Texas lawyer and judge who
rose to a leadership role in Congress and finished his career as
a federal judge, was one of East Texas’ most interesting contemporary
of an Actor: Maurice Barrymore
Marshall was indirectly responsible for launching
the Barrymore Dynasty.
falls in Marshall, Texas Cartoon by Roger T. Moore
Architecture / Images
| Washington Street
looking south, with a view of the courthouse
1940s postcard courtesy rootsweb.com/ %7Etxpstcrd/
postcards courtesy rootsweb.com/%7Etxpstcrd/
The Marshall Chamber of Commerce - 903-935-7868
213 West Austin Street.
Book Hotel - Marshall
Cotton to Market"
courtesy www.rootsweb.com/ %7Etxpstcrd/
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