County Seat, East Texas
I-20 and Hwy 59
16 miles S of Jefferson
76 miles N of Nacogdoches
23 miles E of Longview
E of Tyler
148 miles E of Dallas on Hwy 80 &
39 miles W of Shreveport, Louisiana
Population 23,935 (2000)
26,000. The student population for Marshall's 3 Colleges make it seem larger.
Marshall was always
prosperous and its contributions to the Confederacy were substantial. During the
war, Confederates in Missouri sent "their" government people and some state archives
to Marshall, making the town the Confederate
Capital of Missouri. Missouri never officially left the Union, but
it gives us something to talk about today. The building was long ago razed, but
the address was 402 South Bolivar Street.
years after Harrison County was created by the Republic of Texas Congress in 1839,
landowner Peter Whetstone offered property for a courthouse, a church, and a school
in an effort to persuade county officials to locate the seat of government in
the new town formed on his land. Isaac Van Zandt, the local representative to
the Republic Congress, named the new community Marshall in honor of U. S. Chief
Justice John Marshall. By 1850 it had become one of the wealthiest towns in East
Texas, with a population of about 2,000 and a number of cultural, religious,
and civic organizations. An important Confederate stronghold during the Civil
War, Marshall was home to the wartime capital of Missouri and the postal headquarters
of the South's Trans-Mississippi Department. Following the war, it was the site
of an office of the Freedmen's Bureau. After the Texas and Pacific Railway located
its division point, shops, and offices here in the 1870s, Marshall became a major
regional marketing and educational center. Colleges located here included Marshall
University, Marshall Masonic Female Institute, Wiley College, Bishop College,
and East Texas Baptist College (later East Texas Baptist University).
Starr Family State Historic Site|
Starr Family Mansion" by Archie P. McDonald, PhD
name to the mansion was "Maplecroft".
National Historic District
A three square block area next to the recently
restored T & P Railroad Depot.
The Ginnocchio Hotel (circa 1896) gives the district its name, although it includes
many other fine examples of Victorian architecture.
Pottery & Museum
FM 31 - 21/2 miles SW of Town - 903-938-9201
Tours include The Lale Trail, a tour of historic Marshall homes
and The Stagecoach Trace which is a tour of Harrison County.
Cemeteries include Scottsville,
Powdermill and Old Marshall.
Hotel - Marshall
The Old Paramount Theatre |
TE Photo, 2000
Days" Celebration - The third weekend in May Marshall celebrates it's past
and the Old Stagecoach road is remembered. The stage ran from Karnack to Marshall.
Contact the Chamber of Commerce: 903-935-7868Wonderland
of Lights - Thanksgiving to New Year's Day
Marshall is famous for the
elaborate lighting of their courthouse.
Call 903-935-7868 for information.
Trail of Lights - A Christmas Treat. Stops includes Marshall, Jefferson
and Kilgore in East Texas
and Natchitoches and Shreveport in Louisiana. Marshall
Fire Ant Festival
"Moore Texas Cartoon"
Hotel - Marshall
Civil War Journal by Bob Bowman
In early 1861, W.W. Heartsill of Marshall,
Texas, marched off to war with W.P. Lane’s Rangers of the Confederate Army. During
the four years, one month and one day that he spent at war, Heartsill managed
to keep a diary of each day...James
Harper Starr by Archie P. McDonaldGovernor
by Chance - Edward Clark by Archie P. McDonaldOld
Time Judge Thomas Whitfield Davidson by Archie P. McDonaldEast
Texas Bapist University by Archie P. McDonaldWired
by Mike Cox
"... On Feb. 14, 1854, the Texas and Red River Telegraph
Co. opened for business in Marshall, the first city in the state to have some
semblance of the instant communication now taken for granted in the age of Blackberries
and Ipods. This first telegraph line connected Marshall with New Orleans via Shreveport,
Alexandria, La., and Natchez, Miss. From New Orleans, messages could be transmitted
to other major American cities...."
straight to hell.” by Bob Bowman
Sam B. Hall, Jr., the son of an East
Texas lawyer and judge who rose to a leadership role in Congress and finished
his career as a federal judge, was one of East Texas’ most interesting contemporary
of an Actor: Maurice Barrymore
Marshall was indirectly responsible for
launching the Barrymore Dynasty.
Architecture / Images
postcards courtesy rootsweb.com/%7Etxpstcrd/|
The Marshall Chamber of Commerce - 903-935-7868
213 West Austin Street.
Hotel - Marshall
Cotton to Market" |
Postcard courtesy www.rootsweb.com/
Street looking south, with a view of the courthouse|
1940s postcard courtesy
Escapes, in its purpose to preserve historic, endangered and vanishing
Texas, asks that anyone wishing to share their local history and vintage/historic
photos, please contact