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Harrison County TX
Harrison County

Marshall Texas


Harrison County Seat, East Texas

I-20 and Hwy 59
16 miles S of Jefferson
76 miles N of Nacogdoches
23 miles E of Longview
51 miles E of Tyler
148 miles E of Dallas on Hwy 80 & 59
39 miles W of Shreveport, Louisiana
Population: 23,523 (2010)

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Former Harrison County Courthouse, Marshall, Texas

Former Harrison County Courthouse
Photo courtesy Terry Jeanson, December 2007

Historical Tidbits
Marshall was always prosperous and its contributions to the Confederacy were substantial. During the war, Confederates in Missouri sent "their" government people and some state archives to Marshall, making the town the Confederate Capital of Missouri. Missouri never officially left the Union, but it gives us something to talk about today. The building was long ago razed, but the address was 402 South Bolivar Street.

Historical Marker:

Two years after Harrison County was created by the Republic of Texas Congress in 1839, landowner Peter Whetstone offered property for a courthouse, a church, and a school in an effort to persuade county officials to locate the seat of government in the new town formed on his land. Isaac Van Zandt, the local representative to the Republic Congress, named the new community Marshall in honor of U. S. Chief Justice John Marshall. By 1850 it had become one of the wealthiest towns in East Texas, with a population of about 2,000 and a number of cultural, religious, and civic organizations. An important Confederate stronghold during the Civil War, Marshall was home to the wartime capital of Missouri and the postal headquarters of the South's Trans-Mississippi Department. Following the war, it was the site of an office of the Freedmen's Bureau. After the Texas and Pacific Railway located its division point, shops, and offices here in the 1870s, Marshall became a major regional marketing and educational center. Colleges located here included Marshall University, Marshall Masonic Female Institute, Wiley College, Bishop College, and East Texas Baptist College (later East Texas Baptist University).

Marshall Attractions

Harrison County Courthouse
  • The Harrison County Courthouses

  • Harrison County Historical Museum
    The museum has exhibits ranging from Caddo Indian relics to the Civil War and more.
    Open Tues - Sat 9:00 to 5:00
    Sundays 1:30 to 5:00.
    Marshall is famous for the elaborate lighting of this former courthouse.
  • T&P Railroad depot
  • Texas & Pacific Railroad Depot c. 1912
    The T & P Depot is now an Amtrak station
  • The Starr Family State Historic Site
    See "The Starr Family Mansion" by Archie P. McDonald, PhD
    The given name to the mansion was "Maplecroft".

  • Ginnocchio National Historic District
    A three square block area next to the recently restored T & P Railroad Depot. The Ginnocchio Hotel (circa 1896) gives the district its name, although it includes many other fine examples of Victorian architecture.

  • Marshall Pottery & Museum
    FM 31 - 21/2 miles SW of Town - 903-938-9201

  • Driving Tours include The Lale Trail, a tour of historic Marshall homes and The Stagecoach Trace which is a tour of Harrison County.

  • Local Cemeteries include Scottsville, Powdermill and Old Marshall.

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  • Paramount Theatre, Marshall Texas
    The Old Paramount Theatre
    TE Photo, 2000

    Marshall Events

  • "Stagecoach Days" Celebration - The third weekend in May Marshall celebrates it's past and the Old Stagecoach road is remembered. The stage ran from Karnack to Marshall. Contact the Chamber of Commerce: 903-935-7868
  • Wonderland of Lights - Thanksgiving to New Year's Day
    Marshall is famous for the elaborate lighting of their courthouse.
    Call 903-935-7868 for information.
  • Holiday Trail of Lights - A Christmas Treat. Stops includes Marshall, Jefferson and Kilgore in East Texas and Natchitoches and Shreveport in Louisiana.
  • Marshall Fire Ant Festival "Moore Texas Cartoon"

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  • Longhorn
  • Longhorn Army Ammunition Plant / Caddo Lake National Wildlife Refuge
  • A Sunday Drive

  • "Longview & Marshall: A Metropolitan Sunday Drive" by Bob Bowman

    Recreation and Nearby Destinations

  • Karnack was Ladybird Johnson's girlhood home.
  • 16 miles North to Jefferson
  • 74 miles North to Texarkana
  • 23 miles East to Longview
  • 51 miles East to Tyler
  • 76 miles South to Nacogdoches
  • Uncertain
  • Caddo Lake - Northeast of Marshall.
    On Big Cypress Bayou on the Texas-Louisiana state line.
  • Lake O' the Pines

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  • Marshall Chronicles
  • A Civil War Journal by Bob Bowman
    In early 1861, W.W. Heartsill of Marshall, Texas, marched off to war with W.P. Lane’s Rangers of the Confederate Army. During the four years, one month and one day that he spent at war, Heartsill managed to keep a diary of each day...

  • James Harper Starr by Archie P. McDonald

  • Governor by Chance - Edward Clark by Archie P. McDonald

  • Old Time Judge Thomas Whitfield Davidson by Archie P. McDonald

  • East Texas Bapist University by Archie P. McDonald

  • Wired by Mike Cox
    "... On Feb. 14, 1854, the Texas and Red River Telegraph Co. opened for business in Marshall, the first city in the state to have some semblance of the instant communication now taken for granted in the age of Blackberries and Ipods. This first telegraph line connected Marshall with New Orleans via Shreveport, Alexandria, La., and Natchez, Miss. From New Orleans, messages could be transmitted to other major American cities...."

  • “Go straight to hell.” by Bob Bowman
    Sam B. Hall, Jr., the son of an East Texas lawyer and judge who rose to a leadership role in Congress and finished his career as a federal judge, was one of East Texas’ most interesting contemporary politicians.

  • Profile of an Actor: Maurice Barrymore
    Marshall was indirectly responsible for launching the Barrymore Dynasty.
  • Marshall Architecture / Images
    Vintage postcards courtesy rootsweb.com/%7Etxpstcrd/
    Marshall churches
    Marshall, Texas Churches
    Hotel Marshall
    Hotel Marshall Undergoes Renovation
    "Rooms with a Past"
    Courtesy Jimmy Ramsey

    Marshall street scenes
    Marshall, Texas Street Scenes
    Marshalll highschool
    Marshall High School
    Marshall colleges
    Marshall Colleges
    College of Marshall,
    Bishop College
    & Wiley College
    Marshall buildings
    Marshall Public Buildings
    Marshall Tourist Information
    The Marshall Chamber of Commerce - 903-935-7868
    213 West Austin Street.

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    Hauling Cotton to Market, Marshall, Texas old postcard
    "Hauling Cotton to Market"
    Postcard courtesy www.rootsweb.com/
    Washington Street with view of the former courthouse, Marshall, Texas
    Washington Street looking south, with a view of the courthouse
    1940s postcard courtesy rootsweb.com/

    Marshall, Texas Area Towns:
    Jefferson | Nacogdoches | Longview | Tyler
    See Harrison County | East Texas
    Book Hotel Here:
    Marshall Hotels | More Hotels
    Texas Escapes, in its purpose to preserve historic, endangered and vanishing Texas, asks that anyone wishing to share their local history and vintage/historic photos, please contact us.






















































































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