in a Pecan Shell|
The site of Goliad was inhabited by Indians
prior to the Spanish establishing a mission and fort in 1749. The Mission
was Mission Nuestra Senora del Espiratu Santo de Zuniga. The fort was originally
Presidio Nuestra Senora de Loreto de La Bahia.
Both the mission
and fort had originally been established in 1722 on what is presently Lavaca
Bay, hence the designation "La Bahia" - Spanish for bay.
mission (Mission Nuestra Senora del Rosario) just west of town was founded in
1754 with the purpose of converting the Indians. The mission was quite
successful in breeding cattle, but was abandoned in 1807. There's a marker
on the former site four miles west on highway 59.
The mission (La Bahia)
is considered to be the first large cattle ranch in Texas since it was successful
in raising an estimated herd of 40,000. Goliad was set up as a Mexican municipality
in 1829. The town of Goliad moved across the river to the present location
in 1836 when the county was organized and it was made the county seat of
Later in its history, Goliad County was the scene of the
"Cart Wars" - an ugly series of incidents in Texas history which was brought
to a close by a legislative ruling and the employment of the large Live Oak on
the courthouse lawn. Details on the "wars" and the Hanging
Tree can be read by clicking here.
Historic Landmarks / Attractions
Grave of Fannin and his men|
is declared a National Historic District|
The attractions are many
in Goliad and you can easily spend the entire day. The chamber of commerce is
located in the former Frels Theater on the south side of the town square (large
building - small sign). They can supply you with a complete driving/ walking tour
of the town.
Goliad County Courthouse > Goliad
Goliad State Park consists of the land that the Mission Espíritu
Santo Zuniga is on, and extends across the road below the Centennial
Auditorium, which is next to the Goliad State Park, within the City Limits.
La Bahia is located 1/4 mile south of Goliad State Park on US Highway 183
and 77A and operated by the Catholic Diocese of Victoria.
Men Memorial is just east of Presidio La Bahía.Fannin
Battleground - Now owned by The THC. It is no longer a part of the Park system.
One block NE of the town square - obelisk, with a cannon used
by Fannin's forces. Dedicated for the 50th Anniversary of the Goliad
Survivor's Account of the Goliad Massacre
Life and Times of a Goliad Surviver
Walking Tour: The chamber of commerce has a walking
tour with some information on the collection of buildings downtown.
downtown include a handsome Bank, a former hotel, a Masonic Lodge and the Lott
Building - a very thin building sandwiched between the buildings of the Cole Block.
A Centennial Building from 1936. Rather plain
- as was the style then - but interesting details and ornamentation. This is the
site of the Goliad County Fair
c. 1853 On the corner of Franklin and Market Streets Goliad's
Hanging Tree (Cart War Oak)
Tree in the Street Sorority
Besides being declared a National Historic
District, Goliad is also a member of The Tree in the Street Sorority - a loose
group of cities whose citizens acknowledge that the trees were there before the
Book Hotel Here
Hotels | San Antonio Hotels
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& Related Stories
at Goliad: A Texas Tragedy by Jeffery Robenalt|
at Goliad branded Santa Anna as an inhuman despot and the Mexican people, whether
deserved or not, with a reputation for cruelty. As a result of the needless slaughter,
a burning desire for revenge arose among the people of Texas, and Americans became
firmly united behind the Texas cause of independence.A
Survivor's Account of the Goliad Massacre by Murray Montgomery (From
"Lone Star Diary")The
Life and Times of a Goliad Survivor
by Murray Montgomery
The story of Hermann EhrenbergA
by Bob Bowman (From "All Things Historical")
one of only 28 survivors of the massacre.Thomas
Deye Owings of Maryland, Kentucky and Texas by W. T. Block Jr.
"He was a colonel and hero of the War of 1812 [and] was Kentucky's original
industrialist and iron master, also holding several political offices. He was
also commissioned by Stephen F. Austin in Jan. 1836 to raise 2 regiments of Kentuckians
to fight for Texas Independence from Mexico, sacrificing as a result the life
of one of his sons during the Goliad Massacre..."The
Angel of Goliad
by Murray Montgomery (From "Lone Star Diary")
| || |
- Street scene in Goliad Square|
R - The former Frels Theater on the south
side of the town square
is now the Goliad Chamber of Commerce
| || || |
- Masonic Lodge|
Center - Another building on the square
R - Lott Building
- a very thin building
TE photos, 2001
- The trees have the right of way in Goliad|
Center - Memorial Auditorium architectural
R - Architectural detail above a doorway
TE photos, 2001
Goliad Vintage Photos
church in Goliad|
Nearby Destinations |
Local and Tourist Information Goliad
Chamber of Commerce -
131 Courthouse Square in the former Frels Theater
Hours - 9:00 am until 5:00 pm Monday thru Friday. 361-645-3563.
County Economic Development/Main Street.
Escapes, in its purpose to preserve historic, endangered and vanishing
Texas, asks that anyone wishing to share their local history, stories,
or vintage/historic photos, please contact